Muskauer Faltenbogen

Location:Germany
Area:692 acres (280 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Cfb (Climate: warm temperate; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: warm summer)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes

Ecoregions

Central European mixed forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 A
  
Share40 %30 %20 %5 %5 %
Soil TypeGleyic CambisolsStagnic PodzoluvisolsGleyic PodzolsEutric GleysolsHaplic Podzols
Topsoil TextureCoarseMediumCoarseMediumCoarse
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainagePoorPoorPoorPoorSomewhat excessive
Available Water Capacity100 m150 m100 m150 m100 m
Root ObstacleNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm
Impermeable Layer80 - 150 cm80 - 150 cm80 - 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm
Soil Water RegimeNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel5 %1 %2 %4 %3 %
Sand76 %24 %86 %37 %87 %
Silt13 %58 %10 %40 %9 %
Clay11 %18 %4 %23 %4 %
USDA TextureSandy loamSilt loamLoamy sandLoamLoamy sand
Reference Bulk Density1.56 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.73 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.73 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.31 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.31 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.79 %1.5 %1.97 %1.07 %2.18 %
PH6.25.34.46.24.4
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity40 cmol kg⁻¹46 cmol kg⁻¹52 cmol kg⁻¹41 cmol kg⁻¹101 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity7 cmol kg⁻¹18 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹9 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation71 %55 %18 %88 %11 %
Total Exchangeable Bases7.1 cmol kg⁻¹5.7 cmol kg⁻¹3.6 cmol kg⁻¹10.2 cmol kg⁻¹2.6 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium3 %0 %1 %2 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel8 %4 %3 %5 %4 %
Sand62 %12 %85 %36 %88 %
Silt15 %55 %10 %36 %8 %
Clay23 %33 %5 %28 %4 %
USDA TextureSandy clay loamSilty clay loamLoamy sandClay loamSand
Reference Bulk Density1.43 g/cm³1.28 g/cm³1.7 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.74 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.44 g/cm³1.6 g/cm³1.54 g/cm³1.5 g/cm³1.51 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.41 %0.23 %0.91 %0.37 %0.39 %
PH6.16.24.96.65
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity32 cmol kg⁻¹62 cmol kg⁻¹44 cmol kg⁻¹42 cmol kg⁻¹66 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity12 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹3 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹2 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation77 %59 %21 %90 %21 %
Total Exchangeable Bases8.9 cmol kg⁻¹4.9 cmol kg⁻¹1.7 cmol kg⁻¹11.9 cmol kg⁻¹1.5 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium3 %0 %3 %2 %3 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263