Balver Wald

Location:Germany
Area:1,095 acres (443 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Cfb (Climate: warm temperate; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: warm summer)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes

Ecoregions

Western European broadleaf forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 AB
   
Share90 %10 %50 %25 %25 %
Soil TypeDystric CambisolsUmbric LeptosolsEutric CambisolsRendzic LeptosolsStagnic Luvisols
Topsoil TextureMediumMediumMediumMediumMedium
Reference Depth100 cm30 cm100 cm30 cm100 cm
DrainageModerately wellImperfectlyModerately wellImperfectlyPoor
Available Water Capacity100 m15 mm100 m15 mm100 m
Phase 1StonyStonyStonyStonyStony
Root ObstacleNone to 80 cm None to 80 cm None to 80 cm
Impermeable LayerNone to 150 cm None to 150 cm 80 - 150 cm
Soil Water RegimeNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 month Not wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 month Wet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel10 %6 %9 %16 %4 %
Sand42 %49 %42 %37 %37 %
Silt38 %31 %36 %44 %44 %
Clay20 %20 %22 %19 %19 %
USDA TextureLoamLoamLoamLoamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.41 g/cm³1.43 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.3 g/cm³1.1 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³1.24 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³
Organic Carbon1.45 %2.4 %1 %2.13 %0.99 %
PH5.15.16.67.55.8
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity32 cmol kg⁻¹34 cmol kg⁻¹55 cmol kg⁻¹80 cmol kg⁻¹48 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity12 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹27 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation38 %36 %93 %100 %62 %
Total Exchangeable Bases4.3 cmol kg⁻¹4.7 cmol kg⁻¹14 cmol kg⁻¹28.8 cmol kg⁻¹8.4 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %0 %6 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %4 %2 %2 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel19 % 12 % 4 %
Sand45 % 41 % 31 %
Silt35 % 34 % 38 %
Clay20 % 25 % 31 %
USDA TextureLoam Loam Clay loam
Reference Bulk Density1.42 g/cm³ 1.38 g/cm³ 1.33 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.36 g/cm³ 1.39 g/cm³ 1.6 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.5 % 0.37 % 0.29 %
PH5.2 7 5.9
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity35 cmol kg⁻¹ 55 cmol kg⁻¹ 50 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity9 cmol kg⁻¹ 15 cmol kg⁻¹ 14 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation33 % 93 % 83 %
Total Exchangeable Bases2.6 cmol kg⁻¹ 15.1 cmol kg⁻¹ 10.2 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 % 0.1 % 0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 % 0 % 0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 % 2 % 1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-1 0.1 dS m-1 0.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263