Muschelkalkhänge bei Bebelsheim u. Wittersheim

Location:Germany
Area:351 acres (142 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Cfb (Climate: warm temperate; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: warm summer)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes

Ecoregions

Western European broadleaf forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 A
  
Share35 %25 %20 %15 %5 %
Soil TypeChromic CambisolsRendzic LeptosolsRendzic LeptosolsChromic LuvisolsLithic Leptosols
Topsoil TextureMediumMediumMediumFineMedium
Reference Depth100 cm30 cm30 cm100 cm10 cm
DrainageModerately wellImperfectlyImperfectlyModerately wellImperfectly
Available Water Capacity100 m15 mm15 mm50 m15 mm
Phase 1StonyStonyStonyStony 
Root ObstacleNone to 80 cm  None to 80 cm 
Impermeable LayerNone to 150 cm  40 - 80 cm 
Soil Water RegimeNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 month  Not wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 month 
Topsoil Properties
Gravel10 %16 %16 %4 %21 %
Sand49 %37 %37 %27 %42 %
Silt28 %44 %44 %27 %34 %
Clay23 %19 %19 %46 %24 %
USDA TextureLoamLoamLoamClayLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.4 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.26 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.31 g/cm³1.24 g/cm³1.24 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³1.3 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.98 %2.13 %2.13 %1.2 %1.61 %
PH6.67.57.56.37.5
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity42 cmol kg⁻¹80 cmol kg⁻¹80 cmol kg⁻¹31 cmol kg⁻¹42 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity13 cmol kg⁻¹27 cmol kg⁻¹27 cmol kg⁻¹19 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation83 %100 %100 %79 %100 %
Total Exchangeable Bases11.6 cmol kg⁻¹28.8 cmol kg⁻¹28.8 cmol kg⁻¹13.4 cmol kg⁻¹15.5 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0.1 %6 %6 %0 %3.9 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %2 %2 %1 %3 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel9 %  6 % 
Sand47 %  21 % 
Silt26 %  25 % 
Clay27 %  54 % 
USDA TextureSandy clay loam  Clay 
Reference Bulk Density1.38 g/cm³  1.22 g/cm³ 
Bulk Density1.44 g/cm³  1.4 g/cm³ 
Organic Carbon0.47 %  0.58 % 
PH6.7  6.4 
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity44 cmol kg⁻¹  33 cmol kg⁻¹ 
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity15 cmol kg⁻¹  20 cmol kg⁻¹ 
Base Saturation92 %  83 % 
Total Exchangeable Bases11.9 cmol kg⁻¹  13.1 cmol kg⁻¹ 
Calcium Carbonate0.1 %  0 % 
Calcium Sulphate0 %  0 % 
Exchangeable Sodium1 %  1 % 
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-1  0.1 dS m-1 
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263