Aiguamolls de l'Alt Empordà

Location:Spain
Area:26,765 acres (10,831 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Csa (Climate: warm temperate; Precipitation: summer dry; Temperature: hot summer)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes

Ecoregions

Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 AB
   
Share70 %20 %10 %55 %25 %20 %
Soil TypeCalcaric FluvisolsCalcaric CambisolsCalcaric FluvisolsCalcaric CambisolsRendzic LeptosolsCalcaric Regosols
Topsoil TextureMediumMediumMediumFineMediumMedium
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm30 cm100 cm
DrainagePoorModerately wellPoorModerately wellImperfectlyModerately well
Available Water Capacity75 m150 m150 m150 m50 mm100 m
Phase 1Gravelly     
Root ObstacleNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm 40 - 60 cm
Impermeable LayerNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm40 - 80 cmNone to 150 cm 40 - 80 cm
Soil Water RegimeNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 month Not wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel15 %6 %15 %5 %16 %14 %
Sand34 %36 %34 %19 %37 %44 %
Silt48 %43 %48 %32 %44 %35 %
Clay18 %21 %18 %49 %19 %21 %
USDA TextureLoamLoamLoamClayLoamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.41 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.24 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.39 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.28 g/cm³1.24 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.6 %0.65 %0.6 %0.87 %2.13 %0.75 %
PH8887.87.58
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity68 cmol kg⁻¹52 cmol kg⁻¹68 cmol kg⁻¹57 cmol kg⁻¹80 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity14 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹14 cmol kg⁻¹30 cmol kg⁻¹27 cmol kg⁻¹17 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %100 %100 %100 %100 %100 %
Total Exchangeable Bases19.8 cmol kg⁻¹24.3 cmol kg⁻¹19.8 cmol kg⁻¹46.6 cmol kg⁻¹28.8 cmol kg⁻¹26.8 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate11.7 %7 %11.7 %4.9 %6 %15 %
Calcium Sulphate0.2 %0 %0.2 %0.1 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium3 %1 %3 %1 %2 %2 %
Electrical Conductivity0.7 dS m-10.4 dS m-10.7 dS m-10.2 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.2 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel10 %10 %10 %5 % 18 %
Sand36 %34 %36 %23 % 40 %
Silt46 %43 %46 %35 % 35 %
Clay18 %23 %18 %42 % 25 %
USDA TextureLoamLoamLoamClay Loam
Reference Bulk Density1.41 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.26 g/cm³ 1.37 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.41 g/cm³1.45 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³ 1.5 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.4 %0.43 %0.4 %0.39 % 0.47 %
PH8.18.18.18.1 8.1
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity84 cmol kg⁻¹54 cmol kg⁻¹84 cmol kg⁻¹58 cmol kg⁻¹ 52 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity13 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹26 cmol kg⁻¹ 15 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %100 %100 %100 % 100 %
Total Exchangeable Bases20.7 cmol kg⁻¹28.7 cmol kg⁻¹20.7 cmol kg⁻¹44.8 cmol kg⁻¹ 36.5 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate12.2 %8.7 %12.2 %11.2 % 15 %
Calcium Sulphate0.2 %0.4 %0.2 %0 % 0 %
Exchangeable Sodium3 %1 %3 %2 % 2 %
Electrical Conductivity0.5 dS m-10.3 dS m-10.5 dS m-10.2 dS m-1 0.3 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263