LA RETUERTA Y SALADAS DE SÁSTAGO

Location:Spain
Area:88,970 acres (36,005 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:BSk (Climate: arid; Precipitation: steppe; Temperature: cold arid)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes

Ecoregions

Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 ABC
    
Share50 %25 %20 %5 %60 %20 %20 %55 %25 %20 %
Soil TypeHaplic CalcisolsHaplic GypsisolsCalcaric RegosolsHaplic SolonchaksHaplic GypsisolsHaplic SolonchaksGleyic SolonchaksHaplic GypsisolsCalcaric RegosolsGypsic Solonchaks
Topsoil TextureMediumMediumMediumMediumMediumMediumMediumMediumMediumFine
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageModerately wellModerately wellModerately wellModerately wellModerately wellModerately wellPoorModerately wellModerately wellModerately well
Available Water Capacity150 m150 m100 m100 m150 m150 m150 m150 m100 m150 m
Phase 1   SalineSalineSalineSalineSaline Saline
Root ObstacleNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm20 - 40 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm40 - 60 cm40 - 60 cmNone to 80 cm20 - 40 cmNone to 80 cm
Impermeable LayerNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm40 - 80 cm40 - 80 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm40 - 80 cm80 - 150 cm
Soil Water RegimeNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel7 %2 %14 %7 %2 %7 %7 %2 %14 %4 %
Sand41 %36 %44 %34 %36 %34 %37 %36 %44 %6 %
Silt38 %40 %35 %41 %40 %41 %42 %40 %35 %40 %
Clay21 %24 %21 %25 %24 %25 %21 %24 %21 %54 %
USDA TextureLoamLoamLoamLoamLoamLoamLoamLoamLoamClay
Reference Bulk Density1.4 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.2 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.32 g/cm³1.32 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³1.25 g/cm³1.32 g/cm³1.25 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.32 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³1.23 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.46 %0.47 %0.75 %0.46 %0.47 %0.46 %0.42 %0.47 %0.75 %0.54 %
PH8.17.987.97.97.98.77.987.7
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity59 cmol kg⁻¹50 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹50 cmol kg⁻¹50 cmol kg⁻¹50 cmol kg⁻¹67 cmol kg⁻¹50 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹48 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity16 cmol kg⁻¹20 cmol kg⁻¹17 cmol kg⁻¹17 cmol kg⁻¹20 cmol kg⁻¹17 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹20 cmol kg⁻¹17 cmol kg⁻¹31 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %100 %100 %100 %100 %100 %100 %100 %100 %100 %
Total Exchangeable Bases27.4 cmol kg⁻¹38.1 cmol kg⁻¹26.8 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹38.1 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹13.9 cmol kg⁻¹38.1 cmol kg⁻¹26.8 cmol kg⁻¹46.5 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate12 %2.6 %15 %9 %2.6 %9 %9.5 %2.6 %15 %3 %
Calcium Sulphate0.1 %1.3 %0 %1.8 %1.3 %1.8 %1.8 %1.3 %0 %0.4 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %3 %2 %28 %3 %28 %47 %3 %2 %43 %
Electrical Conductivity0.3 dS m-10.8 dS m-10.2 dS m-12.1 dS m-10.8 dS m-12.1 dS m-18.7 dS m-10.8 dS m-10.2 dS m-15.9 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel7 %3 %18 %8 %3 %8 %8 %3 %18 %6 %
Sand40 %35 %40 %43 %35 %43 %41 %35 %40 %5 %
Silt37 %38 %35 %34 %38 %34 %37 %38 %35 %46 %
Clay23 %27 %25 %23 %27 %23 %22 %27 %25 %49 %
USDA TextureLoamClay loamLoamLoamClay loamLoamLoamClay loamLoamSilty clay
Reference Bulk Density1.39 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³1.21 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.36 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.5 g/cm³1.31 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.31 g/cm³1.51 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.5 g/cm³1.31 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.36 %0.21 %0.47 %0.32 %0.21 %0.32 %0.3 %0.21 %0.47 %0.38 %
PH8.288.18888.488.17.6
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity55 cmol kg⁻¹38 cmol kg⁻¹52 cmol kg⁻¹60 cmol kg⁻¹38 cmol kg⁻¹60 cmol kg⁻¹48 cmol kg⁻¹38 cmol kg⁻¹52 cmol kg⁻¹50 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity15 cmol kg⁻¹19 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹18 cmol kg⁻¹19 cmol kg⁻¹18 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹19 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹31 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %100 %100 %100 %100 %100 %100 %100 %100 %100 %
Total Exchangeable Bases32.1 cmol kg⁻¹27.2 cmol kg⁻¹36.5 cmol kg⁻¹13.3 cmol kg⁻¹27.2 cmol kg⁻¹13.3 cmol kg⁻¹18.2 cmol kg⁻¹27.2 cmol kg⁻¹36.5 cmol kg⁻¹55.3 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate14 %2.6 %15 %9 %2.6 %9 %13.9 %2.6 %15 %3 %
Calcium Sulphate0.3 %3.4 %0 %1 %3.4 %1 %1 %3.4 %0 %0.5 %
Exchangeable Sodium4 %41 %2 %28 %41 %28 %63 %41 %2 %42 %
Electrical Conductivity0.4 dS m-11.1 dS m-10.3 dS m-111.3 dS m-11.1 dS m-111.3 dS m-14.6 dS m-11.1 dS m-10.3 dS m-114.8 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263