Costa dels Amunts

Location:Spain
Area:1,717 acres (695 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Köppen climate classification:BSk (Climate: arid; Precipitation: steppe; Temperature: cold arid)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes

Ecoregions

Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 A
  
Share50 %25 %20 %5 %
Soil TypeCalcaric CambisolsLithic LeptosolsRendzic LeptosolsChromic Luvisols
Topsoil TextureMediumMediumMediumFine
Reference Depth100 cm10 cm30 cm100 cm
DrainageImperfectlyImperfectlyImperfectlyImperfectly
Available Water Capacity50 m15 mm50 mm50 m
Phase 1LithicStony Lithic
Root Obstacle60 - 80 cm  40 - 60 cm
Impermeable LayerNone to 150 cm  None to 150 cm
Soil Water RegimeNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 month  Not wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel6 %21 %16 %4 %
Sand36 %42 %37 %27 %
Silt43 %34 %44 %27 %
Clay21 %24 %19 %46 %
USDA TextureLoamLoamLoamClay
Reference Bulk Density1.39 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.26 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.41 g/cm³1.3 g/cm³1.24 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.65 %1.61 %2.13 %1.2 %
PH87.57.56.3
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity52 cmol kg⁻¹42 cmol kg⁻¹80 cmol kg⁻¹31 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity16 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹27 cmol kg⁻¹19 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %100 %100 %79 %
Total Exchangeable Bases24.3 cmol kg⁻¹15.5 cmol kg⁻¹28.8 cmol kg⁻¹13.4 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate7 %3.9 %6 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %3 %2 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.4 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel10 %  6 %
Sand34 %  21 %
Silt43 %  25 %
Clay23 %  54 %
USDA TextureLoam  Clay
Reference Bulk Density1.38 g/cm³  1.22 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.45 g/cm³  1.4 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.43 %  0.58 %
PH8.1  6.4
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity54 cmol kg⁻¹  33 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity16 cmol kg⁻¹  20 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %  83 %
Total Exchangeable Bases28.7 cmol kg⁻¹  13.1 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate8.7 %  0 %
Calcium Sulphate0.4 %  0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %  1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.3 dS m-1  0.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263