Area:798 acres (323 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Csa (Climate: warm temperate; Precipitation: summer dry; Temperature: hot summer)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes


Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests


Protected Area Boundary
Share60 %40 %
Soil TypeCalcaric CambisolsCalcaric Regosols
Topsoil TextureMediumMedium
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm
DrainageModerately wellModerately well
Available Water Capacity150 m100 m
Root ObstacleNone to 80 cm20 - 40 cm
Impermeable LayerNone to 150 cm40 - 80 cm
Soil Water RegimeNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel6 %14 %
Sand36 %44 %
Silt43 %35 %
Clay21 %21 %
USDA TextureLoamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.39 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.41 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.65 %0.75 %
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity52 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity16 cmol kg⁻¹17 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %100 %
Total Exchangeable Bases24.3 cmol kg⁻¹26.8 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate7 %15 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %2 %
Electrical Conductivity0.4 dS m-10.2 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel10 %18 %
Sand34 %40 %
Silt43 %35 %
Clay23 %25 %
USDA TextureLoamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.38 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.45 g/cm³1.5 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.43 %0.47 %
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity54 cmol kg⁻¹52 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity16 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %100 %
Total Exchangeable Bases28.7 cmol kg⁻¹36.5 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate8.7 %15 %
Calcium Sulphate0.4 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %2 %
Electrical Conductivity0.3 dS m-10.3 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263