ESTRECHO

Location:Spain
Area:47,388 acres (19,177 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes

Ecoregions

Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 AB
   
Share70 %30 %50 %20 %15 %15 %
Soil TypeEutric VertisolsEutric RegosolsHumic CambisolsDystric CambisolsUmbric LeptosolsLithic Leptosols
Topsoil TextureFineFineMediumMediumMediumMedium
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm30 cm10 cm
DrainagePoorModerately wellImperfectlyImperfectlyImperfectlyImperfectly
Available Water Capacity125 m100 m15 m15 m15 mm0 mm
Phase 1  LithicLithicGravellyGravelly
Phase 2  GravellyGravelly  
Root ObstacleNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm20 - 40 cm20 - 40 cm  
Impermeable LayerNone to 150 cm40 - 80 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm  
Soil Water RegimeNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 month  
Misc. PropertyVertic (cracks of more than 1 cm wide)     
Topsoil Properties
Gravel4 %48 %8 %10 %6 %21 %
Sand19 %26 %41 %42 %49 %42 %
Silt25 %30 %36 %38 %31 %34 %
Clay56 %44 %23 %20 %20 %24 %
USDA TextureClayClayLoamLoamLoamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.22 g/cm³1.26 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.43 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.56 g/cm³1.28 g/cm³1.1 g/cm³1.3 g/cm³1.1 g/cm³1.3 g/cm³
Organic Carbon1.05 %1.89 %2.72 %1.45 %2.4 %1.61 %
PH6.96.15.35.15.17.5
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity70 cmol kg⁻¹52 cmol kg⁻¹52 cmol kg⁻¹32 cmol kg⁻¹34 cmol kg⁻¹42 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity43 cmol kg⁻¹24 cmol kg⁻¹21 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %62 %25 %38 %36 %100 %
Total Exchangeable Bases40.9 cmol kg⁻¹12.9 cmol kg⁻¹5.4 cmol kg⁻¹4.3 cmol kg⁻¹4.7 cmol kg⁻¹15.5 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0.2 %0 %0 %0 %0 %3.9 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %0 %1 %2 %4 %3 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel5 %33 %6 %19 %  
Sand18 %24 %44 %45 %  
Silt24 %27 %32 %35 %  
Clay58 %49 %24 %20 %  
USDA TextureClayClayLoamLoam  
Reference Bulk Density1.21 g/cm³1.24 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.42 g/cm³  
Bulk Density1.6 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.16 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³  
Organic Carbon0.59 %0.61 %1.07 %0.5 %  
PH7.56.45.35.2  
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity70 cmol kg⁻¹40 cmol kg⁻¹37 cmol kg⁻¹35 cmol kg⁻¹  
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity42 cmol kg⁻¹23 cmol kg⁻¹14 cmol kg⁻¹9 cmol kg⁻¹  
Base Saturation100 %55 %30 %33 %  
Total Exchangeable Bases44.2 cmol kg⁻¹11.6 cmol kg⁻¹2.5 cmol kg⁻¹2.6 cmol kg⁻¹  
Calcium Carbonate0.8 %0 %0 %0 %  
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %  
Exchangeable Sodium2 %0 %2 %2 %  
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1  
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.