Sammalharju

Location:Finland
Area:1,381 acres (559 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Map:View Google Map
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes

Ecoregions

Scandinavian and Russian taiga

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 A
  
Share40 %30 %20 %10 %
Soil TypeFibric HistosolsHaplic PodzolsTerric HistosolsGleyic Podzols
Topsoil TextureFineCoarseMediumCoarse
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageVery poorSomewhat excessiveVery poorPoor
Available Water Capacity150 m50 m150 m50 m
Phase 1 Stony Stony
Root ObstacleNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm
Impermeable LayerNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm
Soil Water RegimeWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel1 %3 %28 %2 %
Sand20 %87 %35 %86 %
Silt40 %9 %33 %10 %
Clay40 %4 %32 %4 %
USDA TextureClayLoamy sandClay loamLoamy sand
Reference Bulk Density1.26 g/cm³1.73 g/cm³1.32 g/cm³1.73 g/cm³
Bulk Density0.1 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³0.28 g/cm³1.31 g/cm³
Organic Carbon33.63 %2.18 %39.4 %1.97 %
PH4.34.45.64.4
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity45 cmol kg⁻¹101 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹52 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity77 cmol kg⁻¹9 cmol kg⁻¹87 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation62 %11 %75 %18 %
Total Exchangeable Bases31.4 cmol kg⁻¹2.6 cmol kg⁻¹59.5 cmol kg⁻¹3.6 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %1 %1 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel2 %4 %5 %3 %
Sand47 %88 %52 %85 %
Silt26 %8 %23 %10 %
Clay27 %4 %25 %5 %
USDA TextureSandy clay loamSandSandy clay loamLoamy sand
Reference Bulk Density1.38 g/cm³1.74 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.7 g/cm³
Bulk Density0.1 g/cm³1.51 g/cm³0.18 g/cm³1.54 g/cm³
Organic Carbon32.89 %0.39 %38.46 %0.91 %
PH4.655.84.9
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity71 cmol kg⁻¹66 cmol kg⁻¹49 cmol kg⁻¹44 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity78 cmol kg⁻¹2 cmol kg⁻¹88 cmol kg⁻¹3 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation40 %21 %96 %21 %
Total Exchangeable Bases27.4 cmol kg⁻¹1.5 cmol kg⁻¹81.8 cmol kg⁻¹1.7 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %3 %1 %3 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.