AKROKORINTHOS

Location:Greece
Area:1,457 acres (590 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Csa (Climate: warm temperate; Precipitation: summer dry; Temperature: hot summer)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes

Ecoregions

Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 A
  
Share40 %20 %20 %10 %5 %5 %
Soil TypeCalcaric RegosolsChromic CambisolsCalcaric CambisolsChromic LuvisolsChromic LuvisolsChromic Luvisols
Topsoil TextureMediumMediumMediumMediumCoarseMedium
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageModerately wellModerately wellModerately wellModerately wellModerately wellModerately well
Available Water Capacity100 m100 m100 m100 m75 m100 m
Phase 1StonyStonyStonyStonyStonyStony
Root ObstacleNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm
Impermeable LayerNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm
Soil Water RegimeNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel14 %10 %6 %12 %4 %12 %
Sand44 %49 %36 %48 %80 %48 %
Silt35 %28 %43 %28 %9 %28 %
Clay21 %23 %21 %24 %11 %24 %
USDA TextureLoamLoamLoamLoamSandy loamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.41 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.57 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.37 g/cm³1.31 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.53 g/cm³1.51 g/cm³1.53 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.75 %0.98 %0.65 %0.83 %0.45 %0.83 %
PH86.686.36.46.3
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity45 cmol kg⁻¹42 cmol kg⁻¹52 cmol kg⁻¹39 cmol kg⁻¹36 cmol kg⁻¹39 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity17 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %83 %100 %88 %79 %88 %
Total Exchangeable Bases26.8 cmol kg⁻¹11.6 cmol kg⁻¹24.3 cmol kg⁻¹10 cmol kg⁻¹5.1 cmol kg⁻¹10 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate15 %0.1 %7 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %2 %1 %1 %2 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.2 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.4 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel18 %9 %10 %8 %5 %8 %
Sand40 %47 %34 %41 %72 %41 %
Silt35 %26 %43 %25 %9 %25 %
Clay25 %27 %23 %34 %19 %34 %
USDA TextureLoamSandy clay loamLoamClay loamSandy loamClay loam
Reference Bulk Density1.37 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.33 g/cm³1.48 g/cm³1.33 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.5 g/cm³1.44 g/cm³1.45 g/cm³1.51 g/cm³1.52 g/cm³1.51 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.47 %0.47 %0.43 %0.4 %0.26 %0.4 %
PH8.16.78.16.46.66.4
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity52 cmol kg⁻¹44 cmol kg⁻¹54 cmol kg⁻¹41 cmol kg⁻¹36 cmol kg⁻¹41 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity15 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹8 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %92 %100 %90 %79 %90 %
Total Exchangeable Bases36.5 cmol kg⁻¹11.9 cmol kg⁻¹28.7 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹6.3 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate15 %0.1 %8.7 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0.4 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %1 %1 %1 %2 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.3 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.3 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263