Fiume Toce

Location:Italy
Area:6,580 acres (2,663 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Map:View Google Map
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes

Ecoregions

Alps conifer and mixed forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 A
  
Share50 %30 %10 %5 %5 %
Soil TypeDystric CambisolsEutric CambisolsHaplic LuvisolsLithic LeptosolsLithic Leptosols
Topsoil TextureMediumMediumMediumMediumMedium
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm10 cm10 cm
DrainageImperfectlyImperfectlyImperfectlyImperfectlyImperfectly
Available Water Capacity50 m50 m50 m15 mm15 mm
Phase 1LithicLithicLithic  
Root ObstacleNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm  
Impermeable LayerNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm  
Soil Water RegimeNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 month  
Topsoil Properties
Gravel10 %9 %4 %21 %21 %
Sand42 %42 %41 %42 %42 %
Silt38 %36 %37 %34 %34 %
Clay20 %22 %22 %24 %24 %
USDA TextureLoamLoamLoamLoamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.41 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.3 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³1.43 g/cm³1.3 g/cm³1.3 g/cm³
Organic Carbon1.45 %1 %0.74 %1.61 %1.61 %
PH5.16.66.57.57.5
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity32 cmol kg⁻¹55 cmol kg⁻¹47 cmol kg⁻¹42 cmol kg⁻¹42 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity12 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation38 %93 %91 %100 %100 %
Total Exchangeable Bases4.3 cmol kg⁻¹14 cmol kg⁻¹11 cmol kg⁻¹15.5 cmol kg⁻¹15.5 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %0 %3.9 %3.9 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %2 %1 %3 %3 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel19 %12 %3 %  
Sand45 %41 %37 %  
Silt35 %34 %34 %  
Clay20 %25 %29 %  
USDA TextureLoamLoamClay loam  
Reference Bulk Density1.42 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³  
Bulk Density1.36 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.51 g/cm³  
Organic Carbon0.5 %0.37 %0.36 %  
PH5.276.7  
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity35 cmol kg⁻¹55 cmol kg⁻¹50 cmol kg⁻¹  
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity9 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹14 cmol kg⁻¹  
Base Saturation33 %93 %93 %  
Total Exchangeable Bases2.6 cmol kg⁻¹15.1 cmol kg⁻¹13.1 cmol kg⁻¹  
Calcium Carbonate0 %0.1 %0 %  
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %  
Exchangeable Sodium2 %2 %1 %  
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1  
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.