Fiume Po - tratto vercellese alessandrino

Location:Italy
Area:34,859 acres (14,107 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes

Ecoregions

Po Basin mixed forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 ABC
    
Share50 %30 %20 %45 %30 %25 %50 %30 %10 %10 %
Soil TypeGleyic LuvisolsEutric FluvisolsDystric CambisolsEutric CambisolsHaplic LuvisolsRendzic LeptosolsGleyic LuvisolsHaplic LuvisolsEutric FluvisolsEutric Cambisols
Topsoil TextureMediumMediumMediumMediumMediumMediumMediumFineMediumMedium
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm30 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainagePoorPoorModerately wellImperfectlyImperfectlyImperfectlyPoorModerately wellPoorModerately well
Available Water Capacity150 m150 m150 m50 m50 m50 mm100 m100 m125 m100 m
Phase 1   LithicLithic StonyStonyStonyStony
Root Obstacle60 - 80 cm60 - 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm None to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm
Impermeable LayerNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm 80 - 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm
Soil Water RegimeWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 monthWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 monthWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 month Wet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel5 %4 %10 %9 %4 %16 %5 %19 %4 %9 %
Sand47 %39 %42 %42 %41 %37 %47 %31 %39 %42 %
Silt29 %40 %38 %36 %37 %44 %29 %22 %40 %36 %
Clay24 %21 %20 %22 %22 %19 %24 %47 %21 %22 %
USDA TextureLoamLoamLoamLoamLoamLoamLoamClayLoamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.39 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.26 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.54 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.3 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³1.43 g/cm³1.24 g/cm³1.54 g/cm³1.31 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.83 %0.86 %1.45 %1 %0.74 %2.13 %0.83 %1.2 %0.86 %1 %
PH6.37.25.16.66.57.56.36.57.26.6
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity46 cmol kg⁻¹63 cmol kg⁻¹32 cmol kg⁻¹55 cmol kg⁻¹47 cmol kg⁻¹80 cmol kg⁻¹46 cmol kg⁻¹44 cmol kg⁻¹63 cmol kg⁻¹55 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity16 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹27 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹27 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation93 %91 %38 %93 %91 %100 %93 %83 %91 %93 %
Total Exchangeable Bases14.9 cmol kg⁻¹16.9 cmol kg⁻¹4.3 cmol kg⁻¹14 cmol kg⁻¹11 cmol kg⁻¹28.8 cmol kg⁻¹14.9 cmol kg⁻¹22.6 cmol kg⁻¹16.9 cmol kg⁻¹14 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0.5 %0 %0 %0 %6 %0 %0.1 %0.5 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %2 %2 %2 %1 %2 %2 %1 %2 %2 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel6 %7 %19 %12 %3 % 6 %28 %7 %12 %
Sand39 %41 %45 %41 %37 % 39 %27 %41 %41 %
Silt27 %38 %35 %34 %34 % 27 %20 %38 %34 %
Clay34 %21 %20 %25 %29 % 34 %53 %21 %25 %
USDA TextureClay loamLoamLoamLoamClay loam Clay loamClayLoamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.33 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.42 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³ 1.33 g/cm³1.24 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.65 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.51 g/cm³ 1.65 g/cm³1.3 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.28 %0.38 %0.5 %0.37 %0.36 % 0.28 %0.59 %0.38 %0.37 %
PH77.55.276.7 77.47.57
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity44 cmol kg⁻¹61 cmol kg⁻¹35 cmol kg⁻¹55 cmol kg⁻¹50 cmol kg⁻¹ 44 cmol kg⁻¹49 cmol kg⁻¹61 cmol kg⁻¹55 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity16 cmol kg⁻¹14 cmol kg⁻¹9 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹14 cmol kg⁻¹ 16 cmol kg⁻¹27 cmol kg⁻¹14 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation99 %96 %33 %93 %93 % 99 %84 %96 %93 %
Total Exchangeable Bases15.9 cmol kg⁻¹15.2 cmol kg⁻¹2.6 cmol kg⁻¹15.1 cmol kg⁻¹13.1 cmol kg⁻¹ 15.9 cmol kg⁻¹26.2 cmol kg⁻¹15.2 cmol kg⁻¹15.1 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0.4 %2.5 %0 %0.1 %0 % 0.4 %4 %2.5 %0.1 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 % 0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %3 %2 %2 %1 % 2 %1 %3 %2 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1 0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.