Valli del Mincio

Location:Italy
Area:4,814 acres (1,948 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Map:View Google Map
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes

Ecoregions

Po Basin mixed forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 AB
   
Share50 %30 %15 %5 %50 %25 %20 %5 %
Soil TypeEutric CambisolsEutric FluvisolsGleyic CambisolsEutric VertisolsCalcaric CambisolsEutric FluvisolsEutric CambisolsRendzic Leptosols
Topsoil TextureCoarseFineCoarseFineMediumCoarseMediumMedium
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm30 cm
DrainageWellVery poorPoorPoorModerately wellPoorModerately wellImperfectly
Available Water Capacity15 m75 m15 m50 m50 m75 m50 m15 mm
Phase 1GravellyGravellyGravellyGravellyGravellyGravellyGravellyGravelly
Root ObstacleNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm60 - 80 cmNone to 80 cm60 - 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm 
Impermeable LayerNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm80 - 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm 
Soil Water RegimeWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 monthWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 month 
Misc. Property   Vertic (cracks of more than 1 cm wide)    
Topsoil Properties
Gravel10 %4 %5 %4 %6 %18 %9 %16 %
Sand77 %19 %76 %19 %36 %80 %42 %37 %
Silt14 %32 %13 %25 %43 %12 %36 %44 %
Clay9 %49 %11 %56 %21 %8 %22 %19 %
USDA TextureSandy loamClaySandy loamClayLoamLoamy sandLoamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.6 g/cm³1.24 g/cm³1.56 g/cm³1.22 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.62 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.5 g/cm³1.27 g/cm³1.31 g/cm³1.56 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.27 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³1.24 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.7 %1.19 %0.79 %1.05 %0.65 %0.58 %1 %2.13 %
PH6.96.26.26.986.86.67.5
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity49 cmol kg⁻¹38 cmol kg⁻¹40 cmol kg⁻¹70 cmol kg⁻¹52 cmol kg⁻¹64 cmol kg⁻¹55 cmol kg⁻¹80 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity7 cmol kg⁻¹24 cmol kg⁻¹7 cmol kg⁻¹43 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹7 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹27 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation91 %91 %71 %100 %100 %89 %93 %100 %
Total Exchangeable Bases6.7 cmol kg⁻¹22.7 cmol kg⁻¹7.1 cmol kg⁻¹40.9 cmol kg⁻¹24.3 cmol kg⁻¹7.4 cmol kg⁻¹14 cmol kg⁻¹28.8 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0.1 %0 %0 %0.2 %7 %0 %0 %6 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %1 %3 %1 %1 %3 %2 %2 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.4 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel20 %3 %8 %5 %10 %10 %12 % 
Sand67 %21 %62 %18 %34 %79 %41 % 
Silt16 %32 %15 %24 %43 %11 %34 % 
Clay17 %47 %23 %58 %23 %10 %25 % 
USDA TextureSandy loamClaySandy clay loamClayLoamSandy loamLoam 
Reference Bulk Density1.48 g/cm³1.24 g/cm³1.43 g/cm³1.21 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.59 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³ 
Bulk Density1.5 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.44 g/cm³1.6 g/cm³1.45 g/cm³1.44 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³ 
Organic Carbon0.4 %0.55 %0.41 %0.59 %0.43 %0.24 %0.37 % 
PH7.36.86.17.58.16.97 
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity48 cmol kg⁻¹41 cmol kg⁻¹32 cmol kg⁻¹70 cmol kg⁻¹54 cmol kg⁻¹57 cmol kg⁻¹55 cmol kg⁻¹ 
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity8 cmol kg⁻¹20 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹42 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹ 
Base Saturation91 %99 %77 %100 %100 %93 %93 % 
Total Exchangeable Bases9.3 cmol kg⁻¹18.2 cmol kg⁻¹8.9 cmol kg⁻¹44.2 cmol kg⁻¹28.7 cmol kg⁻¹9 cmol kg⁻¹15.1 cmol kg⁻¹ 
Calcium Carbonate0.1 %0.2 %0 %0.8 %8.7 %0.1 %0.1 % 
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0.4 %0 %0 % 
Exchangeable Sodium2 %2 %3 %2 %1 %2 %2 % 
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.3 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1 
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.