Garamba National Park

Location:Democratic Republic of the Congo
IUCN Category:II
Area:1,237,963 acres (500,986 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Aw (Climate: equatorial; Precipitation: winter dry)

Ecoregions

Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 AB
   
Share50 %30 %10 %10 % 
Soil TypeFerralic CambisolsEutric RegosolsLithic LeptosolsStagnic LixisolsHaplic Ferralsols
Topsoil TextureMediumMediumMediumMediumMedium
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm10 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageModerately wellModerately wellImperfectlyPoorModerately well
Available Water Capacity150 m150 m15 mm150 m150 m
Topsoil Properties
Gravel1 %23 %32 %1 %0 %
Sand44 %69 %43 %63 %52 %
Silt22 %19 %29 %16 %16 %
Clay34 %12 %28 %21 %32 %
USDA TextureClay loamSandy loamClay loamSandy clay loamSandy clay loam
Reference Bulk Density1.33 g/cm³1.53 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.44 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.32 g/cm³1.17 g/cm³1.31 g/cm³1.46 g/cm³1.42 g/cm³
Organic Carbon1.02 %0.45 %0.39 %0.64 %1.02 %
PH4.96.57.56.15.2
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity8 cmol kg⁻¹36 cmol kg⁻¹51 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity6 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹5 cmol kg⁻¹7 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation39 %88 %100 %85 %12 %
Total Exchangeable Bases2.3 cmol kg⁻¹5.3 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹4.3 cmol kg⁻¹0.8 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0.3 %3.1 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0.1 %0.1 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %3 %1 %2 %3 %
Electrical Conductivity0 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.4 dS m-10 dS m-10 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel1 %34 % 1 %0 %
Sand41 %70 % 53 %49 %
Silt22 %17 % 14 %16 %
Clay37 %13 % 33 %35 %
USDA TextureClay loamSandy loam Sandy clay loamSandy clay loam
Reference Bulk Density1.31 g/cm³1.52 g/cm³ 1.35 g/cm³1.34 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.3 g/cm³1.29 g/cm³ 1.44 g/cm³1.48 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.36 %0.21 % 0.33 %0.46 %
PH56.8 5.85.2
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity10 cmol kg⁻¹36 cmol kg⁻¹ 13 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity5 cmol kg⁻¹5 cmol kg⁻¹ 5 cmol kg⁻¹5 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation49 %81 % 77 %16 %
Total Exchangeable Bases2.5 cmol kg⁻¹4.1 cmol kg⁻¹ 3.9 cmol kg⁻¹0.8 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0.3 % 0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0.1 % 0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %3 % 2 %4 %
Electrical Conductivity0 dS m-10.1 dS m-1 0 dS m-10 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263