Parque Nacional Iguazú

Location:Argentina
IUCN Category:II
Area:115,949 acres (46,923 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Cfa (Climate: warm temperate; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: hot summer)

Ecoregions

Alta Paraná Atlantic forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 AB
   
Share60 %40 %70 %30 %
Soil TypeMollic SolonetzGleyic SolonetzHaplic LixisolsRhodic Ferralsols
Topsoil TextureMediumMediumCoarseMedium
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageModerately wellPoorModerately wellModerately well
Available Water Capacity150 m150 m150 m150 m
Topsoil Properties
Gravel0 %0 %0 %0 %
Sand7 %13 %91 %77 %
Silt64 %66 %3 %2 %
Clay29 %21 %6 %21 %
USDA TextureSilty clay loamSilt loamSandSandy clay loam
Reference Bulk Density1.28 g/cm³1.34 g/cm³1.68 g/cm³1.47 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.15 g/cm³1.13 g/cm³1.49 g/cm³1.48 g/cm³
Organic Carbon1.31 %0.58 %0.3 %0.73 %
PH6.58.56.44.5
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity60 cmol kg⁻¹85 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹9 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity22 cmol kg⁻¹19 cmol kg⁻¹3 cmol kg⁻¹4 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation88 %100 %82 %11 %
Total Exchangeable Bases19.4 cmol kg⁻¹18.6 cmol kg⁻¹2.5 cmol kg⁻¹0.4 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0.7 %2.3 %0.1 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0.1 %0.1 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium17 %20 %0 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.8 dS m-13 dS m-10 dS m-10 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel0 %0 %0 %0 %
Sand5 %13 %76 %73 %
Silt57 %63 %2 %2 %
Clay38 %24 %22 %25 %
USDA TextureSilty clay loamSilt loamSandy clay loamSandy clay loam
Reference Bulk Density1.24 g/cm³1.32 g/cm³1.46 g/cm³1.43 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.15 g/cm³1.16 g/cm³1.47 g/cm³1.45 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.28 %0.14 %0.18 %0.3 %
PH8.58.96.35
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity73 cmol kg⁻¹109 cmol kg⁻¹18 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity29 cmol kg⁻¹26 cmol kg⁻¹5 cmol kg⁻¹3 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %100 %91 %15 %
Total Exchangeable Bases28.5 cmol kg⁻¹26.1 cmol kg⁻¹4.6 cmol kg⁻¹0.5 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate2.9 %3 %0.1 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0.1 %0.1 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium31 %47 %0 %2 %
Electrical Conductivity1.7 dS m-11.9 dS m-10 dS m-10 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263