Muddus

Location:Sweden
Area:124,105 acres (50,224 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Dfc (Climate: snow; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: cool summer)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes

Ecoregions

Scandinavian and Russian taiga

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 AB
   
Share54 %26 %15 %3 %2 %40 %30 %30 %
Soil TypeHaplic PodzolsHaplic ArenosolsFibric HistosolsLithic LeptosolsDystric RegosolsFibric HistosolsDystric GleysolsHaplic Podzols
Topsoil TextureMediumCoarseFineMediumMediumFineMediumCoarse
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm10 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageModerately wellSomewhat excessiveVery poorImperfectlyModerately wellVery poorPoorSomewhat excessive
Available Water Capacity50 m15 m150 m15 mm100 m150 m75 m100 m
Phase 1StonyGravelly StonyStony Stony 
Phase 2Gravelly     Gravelly 
Root Obstacle40 - 60 cmNone to 80 cm20 - 40 cm 40 - 60 cm20 - 40 cm40 - 60 cm40 - 60 cm
Impermeable LayerNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm None to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm
Soil Water RegimeNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 month Not wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel15 %4 %1 %21 %19 %1 %2 %3 %
Sand50 %90 %20 %42 %42 %20 %40 %87 %
Silt40 %5 %40 %34 %37 %40 %39 %9 %
Clay10 %5 %40 %24 %21 %40 %21 %4 %
USDA TextureLoamSandClayLoamLoamClayLoamLoamy sand
Reference Bulk Density1.53 g/cm³1.71 g/cm³1.26 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.26 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.73 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.41 g/cm³1.49 g/cm³0.1 g/cm³1.3 g/cm³1.33 g/cm³0.1 g/cm³1.3 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³
Organic Carbon5.27 %0.4 %33.63 %1.61 %1.39 %33.63 %1.17 %2.18 %
PH4.56.24.37.55.14.35.14.4
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity89 cmol kg⁻¹35 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹42 cmol kg⁻¹23 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹25 cmol kg⁻¹101 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity28 cmol kg⁻¹3 cmol kg⁻¹77 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹11 cmol kg⁻¹77 cmol kg⁻¹11 cmol kg⁻¹9 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation11 %93 %62 %100 %24 %62 %47 %11 %
Total Exchangeable Bases5.6 cmol kg⁻¹3.3 cmol kg⁻¹31.4 cmol kg⁻¹15.5 cmol kg⁻¹3 cmol kg⁻¹31.4 cmol kg⁻¹5.5 cmol kg⁻¹2.6 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %0 %3.9 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %3 %2 %3 %1 %2 %1 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel15 %4 %2 % 26 %2 %6 %4 %
Sand55 %90 %47 % 46 %47 %41 %88 %
Silt35 %5 %26 % 34 %26 %34 %8 %
Clay10 %5 %27 % 20 %27 %25 %4 %
USDA TextureSandy loamSandSandy clay loam LoamSandy clay loamLoamSand
Reference Bulk Density1.54 g/cm³1.71 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³ 1.42 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.74 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.44 g/cm³1.52 g/cm³0.1 g/cm³ 1.48 g/cm³0.1 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.51 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.81 %0.21 %32.89 % 0.6 %32.89 %0.4 %0.39 %
PH56.14.6 4.94.65.35
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity55 cmol kg⁻¹39 cmol kg⁻¹71 cmol kg⁻¹ 28 cmol kg⁻¹71 cmol kg⁻¹29 cmol kg⁻¹66 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity8 cmol kg⁻¹2 cmol kg⁻¹78 cmol kg⁻¹ 6 cmol kg⁻¹78 cmol kg⁻¹10 cmol kg⁻¹2 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation13 %100 %40 % 21 %40 %47 %21 %
Total Exchangeable Bases0.8 cmol kg⁻¹2.6 cmol kg⁻¹27.4 cmol kg⁻¹ 1.8 cmol kg⁻¹27.4 cmol kg⁻¹6.1 cmol kg⁻¹1.5 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %0 % 0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 % 0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium0 %3 %1 % 1 %1 %1 %3 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1 0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263