Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP)

Location:Colombia
IUCN Category:II
Area:1,031,303 acres (417,353 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data

Ecoregions

Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub
Santa Marta montane forests
Santa Marta páramo
Sinú Valley dry forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 AB
   
Share70 %30 %70 %30 %
Soil TypeDystric LeptosolsHumic CambisolsHumic CambisolsDystric Leptosols
Topsoil TextureCoarseMediumMediumMedium
Reference Depth30 cm100 cm100 cm30 cm
DrainageModerately wellModerately wellModerately wellImperfectly
Available Water Capacity50 mm150 m150 m50 mm
Topsoil Properties
Gravel18 %0 %0 %0 %
Sand76 %58 %58 %69 %
Silt13 %26 %26 %23 %
Clay11 %16 %16 %8 %
USDA TextureSandy loamSandy loamSandy loamSandy loam
Reference Bulk Density1.56 g/cm³1.47 g/cm³1.47 g/cm³1.59 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.79 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.69 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.94 %3.9 %3.9 %1.03 %
PH4.7555.1
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity42 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹23 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity8 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹5 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation34 %27 %27 %25 %
Total Exchangeable Bases2.7 cmol kg⁻¹4.3 cmol kg⁻¹4.3 cmol kg⁻¹1.3 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium3 %1 %1 %2 %
Electrical Conductivity0 dS m-10 dS m-10 dS m-10 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel 0 %0 % 
Sand 55 %55 % 
Silt 26 %26 % 
Clay 19 %19 % 
USDA Texture Sandy loamSandy loam 
Reference Bulk Density 1.44 g/cm³1.44 g/cm³ 
Bulk Density 1.44 g/cm³1.44 g/cm³ 
Organic Carbon 1.74 %1.74 % 
PH 5.45.4 
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity 24 cmol kg⁻¹24 cmol kg⁻¹ 
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity 11 cmol kg⁻¹11 cmol kg⁻¹ 
Base Saturation 27 %27 % 
Total Exchangeable Bases 3 cmol kg⁻¹3 cmol kg⁻¹ 
Calcium Carbonate 0 %0 % 
Calcium Sulphate 0 %0 % 
Exchangeable Sodium 2 %2 % 
Electrical Conductivity 0 dS m-10 dS m-1 
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.