Moray Firth

Location:Scotland, United Kingdom
Area:373,987 acres (151,347 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Website:View website
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Cfb (Climate: warm temperate; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: warm summer)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes

Ecoregions

Caledon conifer forests
Celtic broadleaf forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 ABC
    
Share50 %25 %25 % 40 %40 %20 %
Soil TypeDystric FluvisolsEutric FluvisolsEutric FluvisolsDystric RegosolsHaplic PodzolsFerric PodzolsDystric Gleysols
Topsoil TextureCoarseMediumMediumCoarseMediumMediumMedium
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainagePoorPoorPoorSomewhat excessiveModerately wellModerately wellPoor
Available Water Capacity150 m150 m150 m100 m150 m150 m150 m
Phase 1SalineSalineSaline    
Root ObstacleNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm40 - 60 cm40 - 60 cmNone to 80 cm
Impermeable LayerNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm40 - 80 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm40 - 80 cm
Soil Water RegimeWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel10 %4 %4 %19 %15 %15 %2 %
Sand79 %39 %39 %78 %50 %45 %40 %
Silt12 %40 %40 %13 %40 %52 %39 %
Clay9 %21 %21 %9 %10 %3 %21 %
USDA TextureSandy loamLoamLoamSandy loamLoamSilt loamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.6 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.6 g/cm³1.53 g/cm³1.7 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.39 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.27 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³0.96 g/cm³1.3 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.87 %0.86 %0.86 %0.7 %5.27 %4.6 %1.17 %
PH5.37.27.25.64.54.65.1
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity34 cmol kg⁻¹63 cmol kg⁻¹63 cmol kg⁻¹29 cmol kg⁻¹89 cmol kg⁻¹64 cmol kg⁻¹25 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity5 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹28 cmol kg⁻¹20 cmol kg⁻¹11 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation55 %91 %91 %98 %11 %10 %47 %
Total Exchangeable Bases2.1 cmol kg⁻¹16.9 cmol kg⁻¹16.9 cmol kg⁻¹4.1 cmol kg⁻¹5.6 cmol kg⁻¹4.4 cmol kg⁻¹5.5 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0.5 %0.5 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium3 %2 %2 %3 %1 %1 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel17 %7 %7 %14 %15 %17 %6 %
Sand79 %41 %41 %77 %55 %51 %41 %
Silt11 %38 %38 %13 %35 %45 %34 %
Clay10 %21 %21 %10 %10 %4 %25 %
USDA TextureSandy loamLoamLoamSandy loamSandy loamSandy loamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.58 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.58 g/cm³1.54 g/cm³1.67 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.5 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.5 g/cm³1.44 g/cm³1.29 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.26 %0.38 %0.38 %0.31 %0.81 %0.81 %0.4 %
PH5.57.57.55.355.15.3
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity38 cmol kg⁻¹61 cmol kg⁻¹61 cmol kg⁻¹36 cmol kg⁻¹55 cmol kg⁻¹56 cmol kg⁻¹29 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity4 cmol kg⁻¹14 cmol kg⁻¹14 cmol kg⁻¹4 cmol kg⁻¹8 cmol kg⁻¹9 cmol kg⁻¹10 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation46 %96 %96 %28 %13 %13 %47 %
Total Exchangeable Bases1.5 cmol kg⁻¹15.2 cmol kg⁻¹15.2 cmol kg⁻¹1 cmol kg⁻¹0.8 cmol kg⁻¹0.8 cmol kg⁻¹6.1 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %2.5 %2.5 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %3 %3 %3 %0 %2 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263