Firth of Tay & Eden Estuary

Location:Scotland, United Kingdom
Area:38,085 acres (15,413 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Website:View website
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Cfb (Climate: warm temperate; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: warm summer)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes

Ecoregions

Celtic broadleaf forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 ABCDE
      
Share80 %10 %10 % 50 %50 %40 %40 %20 %40 %40 %20 %
Soil TypeEutric FluvisolsDystric FluvisolsEutric CambisolsDystric RegosolsEutric CambisolsEutric CambisolsEutric CambisolsGleyic CambisolsEutric GleysolsHaplic PodzolsFerric PodzolsDystric Gleysols
Topsoil TextureMediumCoarseCoarseCoarseMediumMediumCoarseMediumMediumMediumMediumMedium
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainagePoorPoorWellSomewhat excessiveModerately wellModerately wellWellPoorPoorModerately wellModerately wellPoor
Available Water Capacity150 m75 m15 m100 m150 m100 m100 m100 m150 m150 m150 m150 m
Phase 1 GravellyGravelly         
Root ObstacleNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm40 - 60 cm40 - 60 cmNone to 80 cm
Impermeable Layer40 - 80 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm80 - 150 cm40 - 80 cmNone to 150 cm40 - 80 cm40 - 80 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm40 - 80 cm
Soil Water RegimeWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel4 %10 %10 %19 %9 %9 %10 %4 %4 %15 %15 %2 %
Sand39 %79 %77 %78 %42 %42 %77 %45 %37 %50 %45 %40 %
Silt40 %12 %14 %13 %36 %36 %14 %36 %40 %40 %52 %39 %
Clay21 %9 %9 %9 %22 %22 %9 %19 %23 %10 %3 %21 %
USDA TextureLoamSandy loamSandy loamSandy loamLoamLoamSandy loamLoamLoamLoamSilt loamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.4 g/cm³1.6 g/cm³1.6 g/cm³1.6 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.6 g/cm³1.42 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.53 g/cm³1.7 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.36 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.5 g/cm³1.27 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³1.5 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³0.96 g/cm³1.3 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.86 %0.87 %0.7 %0.7 %1 %1 %0.7 %1 %1.07 %5.27 %4.6 %1.17 %
PH7.25.36.95.66.66.66.96.46.24.54.65.1
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity63 cmol kg⁻¹34 cmol kg⁻¹49 cmol kg⁻¹29 cmol kg⁻¹55 cmol kg⁻¹55 cmol kg⁻¹49 cmol kg⁻¹38 cmol kg⁻¹41 cmol kg⁻¹89 cmol kg⁻¹64 cmol kg⁻¹25 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity16 cmol kg⁻¹5 cmol kg⁻¹7 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹7 cmol kg⁻¹9 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹28 cmol kg⁻¹20 cmol kg⁻¹11 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation91 %55 %91 %98 %93 %93 %91 %85 %88 %11 %10 %47 %
Total Exchangeable Bases16.9 cmol kg⁻¹2.1 cmol kg⁻¹6.7 cmol kg⁻¹4.1 cmol kg⁻¹14 cmol kg⁻¹14 cmol kg⁻¹6.7 cmol kg⁻¹8.2 cmol kg⁻¹10.2 cmol kg⁻¹5.6 cmol kg⁻¹4.4 cmol kg⁻¹5.5 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0.5 %0 %0.1 %0 %0 %0 %0.1 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %3 %2 %3 %2 %2 %2 %2 %2 %1 %1 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel7 %17 %20 %14 %12 %12 %20 %18 %5 %15 %17 %6 %
Sand41 %79 %67 %77 %41 %41 %67 %39 %36 %55 %51 %41 %
Silt38 %11 %16 %13 %34 %34 %16 %34 %36 %35 %45 %34 %
Clay21 %10 %17 %10 %25 %25 %17 %27 %28 %10 %4 %25 %
USDA TextureLoamSandy loamSandy loamSandy loamLoamLoamSandy loamClay loamClay loamSandy loamSandy loamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.4 g/cm³1.58 g/cm³1.48 g/cm³1.58 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.48 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.54 g/cm³1.67 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.39 g/cm³1.5 g/cm³1.5 g/cm³1.5 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.5 g/cm³1.6 g/cm³1.5 g/cm³1.44 g/cm³1.29 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.38 %0.26 %0.4 %0.31 %0.37 %0.37 %0.4 %0.47 %0.37 %0.81 %0.81 %0.4 %
PH7.55.57.35.3777.36.76.655.15.3
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity61 cmol kg⁻¹38 cmol kg⁻¹48 cmol kg⁻¹36 cmol kg⁻¹55 cmol kg⁻¹55 cmol kg⁻¹48 cmol kg⁻¹37 cmol kg⁻¹42 cmol kg⁻¹55 cmol kg⁻¹56 cmol kg⁻¹29 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity14 cmol kg⁻¹4 cmol kg⁻¹8 cmol kg⁻¹4 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹8 cmol kg⁻¹11 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹8 cmol kg⁻¹9 cmol kg⁻¹10 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation96 %46 %91 %28 %93 %93 %91 %88 %90 %13 %13 %47 %
Total Exchangeable Bases15.2 cmol kg⁻¹1.5 cmol kg⁻¹9.3 cmol kg⁻¹1 cmol kg⁻¹15.1 cmol kg⁻¹15.1 cmol kg⁻¹9.3 cmol kg⁻¹11.3 cmol kg⁻¹11.9 cmol kg⁻¹0.8 cmol kg⁻¹0.8 cmol kg⁻¹6.1 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate2.5 %0 %0.1 %0 %0.1 %0.1 %0.1 %0.1 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium3 %2 %2 %3 %2 %2 %2 %2 %2 %0 %2 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263