Cordillera Volcanica Central

Location:Costa Rica
IUCN Category:VI
Area:150,571 acres (60,934 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Af (Climate: equatorial; Precipitation: fully humid)

Ecoregions

Costa Rican seasonal moist forests
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests
Talamancan montane forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 AB
   
Share60 %40 %60 %25 %15 %
Soil TypeUmbric AndosolsHaplic AndosolsHumic NitisolsHumic CambisolsFerric Acrisols
Topsoil TextureFineMediumFineFineMedium
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageModerately wellModerately wellModerately wellModerately wellModerately well
Available Water Capacity150 m150 m150 m150 m150 m
Topsoil Properties
Gravel1 %1 %1 %6 %1 %
Sand13 %32 %24 %26 %55 %
Silt13 %43 %27 %36 %18 %
Clay74 %25 %49 %38 %27 %
USDA TextureClay (heavy)LoamClayClay loamSandy clay loam
Reference Bulk Density1.16 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.24 g/cm³1.28 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³
Bulk Density0.62 g/cm³0.78 g/cm³1.18 g/cm³1.27 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³
Organic Carbon6.84 %4.67 %2.45 %2.98 %0.95 %
PH4.965.34.95.2
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity 58 cmol kg⁻¹21 cmol kg⁻¹50 cmol kg⁻¹10 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity23 cmol kg⁻¹31 cmol kg⁻¹20 cmol kg⁻¹29 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation13 %51 %27 %20 %57 %
Total Exchangeable Bases3 cmol kg⁻¹15.8 cmol kg⁻¹5.4 cmol kg⁻¹5.8 cmol kg⁻¹3.4 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %1 %1 %1 %2 %
Electrical Conductivity0 dS m-10 dS m-10 dS m-10 dS m-10 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel1 %1 %1 %7 %1 %
Sand11 %35 %18 %32 %43 %
Silt33 %40 %21 %33 %17 %
Clay56 %25 %61 %35 %40 %
USDA TextureClayLoamClay (heavy)Clay loamClay
Reference Bulk Density1.2 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.2 g/cm³1.3 g/cm³1.31 g/cm³
Bulk Density0.77 g/cm³0.78 g/cm³1.25 g/cm³1.29 g/cm³1.48 g/cm³
Organic Carbon4.19 %1.83 %0.96 %0.61 %0.39 %
PH4.76.15.45.35.1
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity2 cmol kg⁻¹61 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹44 cmol kg⁻¹11 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity16 cmol kg⁻¹22 cmol kg⁻¹20 cmol kg⁻¹18 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation16 %80 %29 %22 %38 %
Total Exchangeable Bases2.6 cmol kg⁻¹17.6 cmol kg⁻¹5.8 cmol kg⁻¹4 cmol kg⁻¹2.3 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %2 %1 %1 %3 %
Electrical Conductivity0 dS m-10 dS m-10 dS m-10 dS m-10 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263