Guanacaste National Park

Location:Costa Rica
IUCN Category:II
Area:85,819 acres (34,730 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Aw (Climate: equatorial; Precipitation: winter dry)

Ecoregions

Central American dry forests
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests
Talamancan montane forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 ABC
    
Share 60 %40 %40 %40 %20 %
Soil TypeHaplic AcrisolsEutric RegosolsEutric LeptosolsUmbric AndosolsUmbric AndosolsGleyic Cambisols
Topsoil TextureMediumMediumMediumMediumFineMedium
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm30 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageModerately wellModerately wellImperfectlyModerately wellModerately wellPoor
Available Water Capacity150 m150 m50 mm150 m150 m150 m
Topsoil Properties
Gravel1 %49 %31 %1 %1 %1 %
Sand57 %48 %50 %31 %13 %45 %
Silt19 %28 %30 %43 %13 %29 %
Clay24 %24 %20 %26 %74 %26 %
USDA TextureSandy clay loamLoamLoamLoamClay (heavy)Loam
Reference Bulk Density1.41 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.42 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.16 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.4 g/cm³1.25 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³0.68 g/cm³0.62 g/cm³1.34 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.8 %1.25 %0.72 %7.18 %6.84 %0.9 %
PH5.166.55.64.96.1
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity11 cmol kg⁻¹140 cmol kg⁻¹49 cmol kg⁻¹76 cmol kg⁻¹ 31 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity5 cmol kg⁻¹46 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹46 cmol kg⁻¹23 cmol kg⁻¹11 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation51 %79 %87 %14 %13 %80 %
Total Exchangeable Bases2.6 cmol kg⁻¹36.3 cmol kg⁻¹10.4 cmol kg⁻¹6.4 cmol kg⁻¹3 cmol kg⁻¹8.8 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %0.2 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0.1 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %2 %2 %1 %1 %2 %
Electrical Conductivity0 dS m-10 dS m-10.1 dS m-10 dS m-10 dS m-10 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel1 %60 % 1 %1 %1 %
Sand48 %64 % 11 %11 %39 %
Silt17 %25 % 33 %33 %28 %
Clay35 %11 % 56 %56 %33 %
USDA TextureSandy claySandy loam ClayClayClay loam
Reference Bulk Density1.34 g/cm³1.54 g/cm³ 1.2 g/cm³1.2 g/cm³1.33 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.4 g/cm³1.71 g/cm³ 0.69 g/cm³0.77 g/cm³1.47 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.36 %0.42 % 4.19 %4.19 %0.41 %
PH56 4.74.76.4
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity10 cmol kg⁻¹140 cmol kg⁻¹ 2 cmol kg⁻¹2 cmol kg⁻¹32 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity5 cmol kg⁻¹55 cmol kg⁻¹ 16 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation35 %89 % 16 %16 %83 %
Total Exchangeable Bases1.8 cmol kg⁻¹49 cmol kg⁻¹ 2.6 cmol kg⁻¹2.6 cmol kg⁻¹10 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 % 0 %0 %0.1 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 % 0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %2 % 1 %1 %2 %
Electrical Conductivity0 dS m-10 dS m-1 0 dS m-10 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263