Tapantí-Macizo de La Muerte National Park

Location:Costa Rica
IUCN Category:II
Area:12,767 acres (5,167 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Website:View website
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Cfb (Climate: warm temperate; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: warm summer)

Ecoregions

Talamancan montane forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 AB
   
Share 50 %35 %15 %
Soil TypeHumic CambisolsHaplic AndosolsUmbric AndosolsTerric Histosols
Topsoil TextureMediumMediumFine 
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageModerately wellModerately wellModerately wellVery poor
Available Water Capacity150 m150 m150 m150 m
Topsoil Properties
Gravel1 %1 %1 %1 %
Sand24 %32 %13 %0 %
Silt47 %43 %13 %0 %
Clay29 %25 %74 %0 %
USDA TextureClay loamLoamClay (heavy) 
Reference Bulk Density1.32 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.16 g/cm³ 
Bulk Density0.94 g/cm³0.78 g/cm³0.62 g/cm³0.33 g/cm³
Organic Carbon9.8 %4.67 %6.84 %39.94 %
PH4.364.95.7
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity63 cmol kg⁻¹58 cmol kg⁻¹  
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity52 cmol kg⁻¹31 cmol kg⁻¹23 cmol kg⁻¹91 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation27 %51 %13 %77 %
Total Exchangeable Bases14 cmol kg⁻¹15.8 cmol kg⁻¹3 cmol kg⁻¹70.1 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %1 %1 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0 dS m-10 dS m-10 dS m-10 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel1 %1 %1 %1 %
Sand40 %35 %11 %0 %
Silt32 %40 %33 %0 %
Clay28 %25 %56 %0 %
USDA TextureClay loamLoamClay 
Reference Bulk Density1.35 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.2 g/cm³ 
Bulk Density1.11 g/cm³0.78 g/cm³0.77 g/cm³0.24 g/cm³
Organic Carbon2.31 %1.83 %4.19 %36.03 %
PH5.16.14.75.7
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity54 cmol kg⁻¹61 cmol kg⁻¹2 cmol kg⁻¹ 
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity22 cmol kg⁻¹22 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹93 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation26 %80 %16 %91 %
Total Exchangeable Bases5.7 cmol kg⁻¹17.6 cmol kg⁻¹2.6 cmol kg⁻¹84.6 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %2 %1 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0 dS m-10 dS m-10 dS m-10 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263