Ciénaga de Zapata National Park

Location:Cuba
Area:1,606,900 acres (650,290 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Aw (Climate: equatorial; Precipitation: winter dry)

Ecoregions

Bahamoan-Antillean mangroves
Cuban cactus scrub
Cuban dry forests
Cuban moist forests
Cuban wetlands

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 ABC
    
Share80 %20 %70 %15 %15 %85 %15 %
Soil TypeHaplic PhaeozemsEutric GleysolsRhodic FerralsolsFerralic CambisolsCalcaric PhaeozemsEutric GleysolsHaplic Arenosols
Topsoil TextureMediumFineFineFineFineFineCoarse
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageModerately wellVery poorModerately wellModerately wellModerately wellVery poorSomewhat excessive
Available Water Capacity150 m150 m150 m150 m150 m150 m100 m
Topsoil Properties
Gravel1 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %4 %
Sand34 %6 %10 %26 %8 %6 %97 %
Silt35 %26 %9 %27 %14 %26 %1 %
Clay31 %68 %81 %47 %78 %68 %2 %
USDA TextureClay loamClay (heavy)Clay (heavy)ClayClay (heavy)Clay (heavy)Sand
Reference Bulk Density1.33 g/cm³1.16 g/cm³1.14 g/cm³1.25 g/cm³1.14 g/cm³1.16 g/cm³1.85 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.29 g/cm³1.11 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.22 g/cm³1.26 g/cm³1.11 g/cm³1.57 g/cm³
Organic Carbon1.75 %0.83 %1.36 %1.68 %2.73 %0.83 %0.17 %
PH6.56.85.36.58.26.85.3
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity50 cmol kg⁻¹50 cmol kg⁻¹10 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹51 cmol kg⁻¹50 cmol kg⁻¹86 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity22 cmol kg⁻¹37 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹49 cmol kg⁻¹37 cmol kg⁻¹3 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation89 %93 %53 %80 %100 %93 %93 %
Total Exchangeable Bases19.6 cmol kg⁻¹34.4 cmol kg⁻¹6.4 cmol kg⁻¹9.6 cmol kg⁻¹49 cmol kg⁻¹34.4 cmol kg⁻¹2.8 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0.1 %1.2 %0 %0.2 %4.5 %1.2 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0.1 %0 %0.1 %0.1 %0.1 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %2 %1 %2 %1 %2 %3 %
Electrical Conductivity0 dS m-10.1 dS m-10 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.4 dS m-10.1 dS m-10 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel1 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %4 %
Sand36 %8 %10 %26 %17 %8 %98 %
Silt35 %21 %7 %21 %39 %21 %1 %
Clay29 %71 %83 %53 %44 %71 %1 %
USDA TextureClay loamClay (heavy)Clay (heavy)ClayClayClay (heavy)Sand
Reference Bulk Density1.34 g/cm³1.15 g/cm³1.14 g/cm³1.23 g/cm³1.24 g/cm³1.15 g/cm³1.95 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.36 g/cm³1.31 g/cm³1.42 g/cm³1.25 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.31 g/cm³1.6 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.66 %0.46 %0.5 %0.56 %0.86 %0.46 %0.11 %
PH6.94.66.16.48.74.65.5
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity63 cmol kg⁻¹49 cmol kg⁻¹10 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹36 cmol kg⁻¹49 cmol kg⁻¹7 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity21 cmol kg⁻¹36 cmol kg⁻¹10 cmol kg⁻¹9 cmol kg⁻¹20 cmol kg⁻¹36 cmol kg⁻¹2 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation97 %49 %61 %80 %100 %49 %98 %
Total Exchangeable Bases20.4 cmol kg⁻¹17.6 cmol kg⁻¹6.1 cmol kg⁻¹7.2 cmol kg⁻¹20 cmol kg⁻¹17.6 cmol kg⁻¹2 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate1 %0 %0 %0 %10.1 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0.1 %0 %0 %0 %0.1 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %2 %2 %2 %2 %2 %3 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10 dS m-10 dS m-10 dS m-10.2 dS m-10 dS m-10 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263