Pico Mogote Ecological Reserve

IUCN Category:II
Area:3,698 acres (1,496 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Aw (Climate: equatorial; Precipitation: winter dry)


Cuban moist forests
Cuban pine forests


Protected Area Boundary
Share85 %15 %
Soil TypeEutric LeptosolsHaplic Phaeozems
Topsoil TextureMediumMedium
Reference Depth30 cm100 cm
DrainageImperfectlyModerately well
Available Water Capacity50 mm150 m
Topsoil Properties
Gravel31 %1 %
Sand50 %34 %
Silt30 %35 %
Clay20 %31 %
USDA TextureLoamClay loam
Reference Bulk Density1.42 g/cm³1.33 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.35 g/cm³1.29 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.72 %1.75 %
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity49 cmol kg⁻¹50 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity12 cmol kg⁻¹22 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation87 %89 %
Total Exchangeable Bases10.4 cmol kg⁻¹19.6 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0.2 %0.1 %
Calcium Sulphate0.1 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel 1 %
Sand 36 %
Silt 35 %
Clay 29 %
USDA Texture Clay loam
Reference Bulk Density 1.34 g/cm³
Bulk Density 1.36 g/cm³
Organic Carbon 0.66 %
PH 6.9
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity 63 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity 21 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation 97 %
Total Exchangeable Bases 20.4 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate 1 %
Calcium Sulphate 0.1 %
Exchangeable Sodium 1 %
Electrical Conductivity 0.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263