Reserve Nationale de Camargue Biosphere Reserve

Area:32,232 acres (13,044 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Csa (Climate: warm temperate; Precipitation: summer dry; Temperature: hot summer)


Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests


Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
Soil TypeCalcaric FluvisolsHaplic Solonchaks
Topsoil TextureMediumMedium
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm
DrainagePoorModerately well
Available Water Capacity150 m150 m
Phase 1Saline 
Root ObstacleNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm
Impermeable Layer80 - 150 cm80 - 150 cm
Soil Water RegimeWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel15 %7 %
Sand34 %34 %
Silt48 %41 %
Clay18 %25 %
USDA TextureLoamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.41 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.39 g/cm³1.25 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.6 %0.46 %
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity68 cmol kg⁻¹50 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity14 cmol kg⁻¹17 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %100 %
Total Exchangeable Bases19.8 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate11.7 %9 %
Calcium Sulphate0.2 %1.8 %
Exchangeable Sodium3 %28 %
Electrical Conductivity0.7 dS m-12.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel10 %8 %
Sand36 %43 %
Silt46 %34 %
Clay18 %23 %
USDA TextureLoamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.41 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.41 g/cm³1.31 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.4 %0.32 %
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity84 cmol kg⁻¹60 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity13 cmol kg⁻¹18 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %100 %
Total Exchangeable Bases20.7 cmol kg⁻¹13.3 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate12.2 %9 %
Calcium Sulphate0.2 %1 %
Exchangeable Sodium3 %28 %
Electrical Conductivity0.5 dS m-111.3 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263