Sierra de Agalta National Park

IUCN Category:II
Area:128,902 acres (52,165 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Am (Climate: equatorial; Precipitation: monsoonal)


Central American montane forests
Central American pine-oak forests


Protected Area Boundary
Soil TypeHumic NitisolsHumic CambisolsHaplic Kastanozems
Topsoil TextureFineMediumMedium
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageModerately wellModerately wellModerately well
Available Water Capacity150 m150 m150 m
Topsoil Properties
Gravel1 %1 %1 %
Sand24 %41 %30 %
Silt27 %29 %38 %
Clay49 %30 %32 %
USDA TextureClayClay loamClay loam
Reference Bulk Density1.24 g/cm³1.34 g/cm³1.31 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.18 g/cm³1.13 g/cm³1.29 g/cm³
Organic Carbon2.45 %2.54 %1.16 %
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity21 cmol kg⁻¹31 cmol kg⁻¹68 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity20 cmol kg⁻¹18 cmol kg⁻¹25 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation27 %24 %99 %
Total Exchangeable Bases5.4 cmol kg⁻¹4.3 cmol kg⁻¹24.8 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %4 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0.1 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %1 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0 dS m-10 dS m-10.6 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel1 %1 %1 %
Sand18 %43 %30 %
Silt21 %27 %40 %
Clay61 %30 %30 %
USDA TextureClay (heavy)Clay loamClay loam
Reference Bulk Density1.2 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.32 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.25 g/cm³1.15 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.96 %0.87 %0.46 %
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity16 cmol kg⁻¹34 cmol kg⁻¹69 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity20 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹22 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation29 %26 %100 %
Total Exchangeable Bases5.8 cmol kg⁻¹3.4 cmol kg⁻¹22 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %6.5 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0.3 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %1 %3 %
Electrical Conductivity0 dS m-10 dS m-11.6 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263