Tawahka Anthropological Reserve

Location:Honduras
Area:626,425 acres (253,505 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Am (Climate: equatorial; Precipitation: monsoonal)

Ecoregions

Central American Atlantic moist forests
Central American pine-oak forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 ABCDE
      
Share  60 %40 %60 %40 % 
Soil TypeRendzic LeptosolsHumic NitisolsDystric FluvisolsMollic GleysolsGleyic CambisolsEutric CambisolsHumic Nitisols
Topsoil TextureMediumFineMediumMediumMediumMediumFine
Reference Depth30 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageImperfectlyModerately wellModerately wellPoorPoorModerately wellModerately well
Available Water Capacity50 mm150 m150 m150 m150 m150 m150 m
Topsoil Properties
Gravel29 %1 %1 %1 %1 %1 %1 %
Sand36 %24 %52 %36 %45 %45 %24 %
Silt39 %27 %27 %30 %29 %31 %27 %
Clay25 %49 %21 %34 %26 %24 %49 %
USDA TextureLoamClaySandy clay loamClay loamLoamLoamClay
Reference Bulk Density1.36 g/cm³1.24 g/cm³1.42 g/cm³1.32 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.24 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.33 g/cm³1.18 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.29 g/cm³1.34 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.18 g/cm³
Organic Carbon1.85 %2.45 %0.67 %1.63 %0.9 %0.87 %2.45 %
PH7.75.34.96.46.16.65.3
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity91 cmol kg⁻¹21 cmol kg⁻¹18 cmol kg⁻¹43 cmol kg⁻¹31 cmol kg⁻¹50 cmol kg⁻¹21 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity29 cmol kg⁻¹20 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹20 cmol kg⁻¹11 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹20 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %27 %44 %81 %80 %91 %27 %
Total Exchangeable Bases29 cmol kg⁻¹5.4 cmol kg⁻¹2.6 cmol kg⁻¹16.2 cmol kg⁻¹8.8 cmol kg⁻¹13.7 cmol kg⁻¹5.4 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate11.2 %0 %0 %0.1 %0 %0.3 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0.1 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0.1 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %1 %2 %2 %2 %2 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.2 dS m-10 dS m-10 dS m-10.1 dS m-10 dS m-10.1 dS m-10 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel 1 %1 %1 %1 %1 %1 %
Sand 18 %53 %37 %39 %43 %18 %
Silt 21 %25 %27 %28 %30 %21 %
Clay 61 %22 %36 %33 %27 %61 %
USDA Texture Clay (heavy)Sandy clay loamClay loamClay loamClay loamClay (heavy)
Reference Bulk Density 1.2 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.31 g/cm³1.33 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.2 g/cm³
Bulk Density 1.25 g/cm³1.46 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.47 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.25 g/cm³
Organic Carbon 0.96 %0.28 %0.55 %0.41 %0.34 %0.96 %
PH 5.45.16.86.475.4
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity 16 cmol kg⁻¹22 cmol kg⁻¹42 cmol kg⁻¹32 cmol kg⁻¹52 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity 20 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹17 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹20 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation 29 %36 %89 %83 %94 %29 %
Total Exchangeable Bases 5.8 cmol kg⁻¹2.2 cmol kg⁻¹15.1 cmol kg⁻¹10 cmol kg⁻¹14.1 cmol kg⁻¹5.8 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate 0 %0 %0.4 %0.1 %0.4 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate 0 %0 %0.1 %0 %0.1 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium 1 %2 %2 %2 %2 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity 0 dS m-10 dS m-10.4 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.2 dS m-10 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263