Bandhavgarh National Park

Location:Madhya Pradesh, India
IUCN Category:II
Area:89,210 acres (36,102 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Csa (Climate: warm temperate; Precipitation: summer dry; Temperature: hot summer)

Ecoregions

Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 A
  
Share60 %20 %20 %
Soil TypeChromic VertisolsChromic LuvisolsChromic Cambisols
Topsoil TextureFineMediumFine
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainagePoorModerately wellModerately well
Available Water Capacity125 m150 m150 m
Misc. PropertyVertic (cracks of more than 1 cm wide)  
Topsoil Properties
Gravel4 %9 %3 %
Sand16 %47 %20 %
Silt29 %29 %30 %
Clay55 %24 %50 %
USDA TextureClayLoamClay
Reference Bulk Density1.21 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.23 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.65 g/cm³1.54 g/cm³1.23 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.75 %0.86 %1.43 %
PH7.96.46.8
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity75 cmol kg⁻¹38 cmol kg⁻¹35 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity44 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹21 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %89 %91 %
Total Exchangeable Bases45.2 cmol kg⁻¹10 cmol kg⁻¹20.8 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate2.5 %0 %0.1 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %1 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.2 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel5 %8 %4 %
Sand15 %39 %20 %
Silt28 %27 %29 %
Clay57 %34 %51 %
USDA TextureClayClay loamClay
Reference Bulk Density1.21 g/cm³1.33 g/cm³1.23 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.76 g/cm³1.52 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.45 %0.38 %0.6 %
PH8.16.37.2
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity73 cmol kg⁻¹40 cmol kg⁻¹33 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity43 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹23 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %93 %97 %
Total Exchangeable Bases47.5 cmol kg⁻¹12.3 cmol kg⁻¹19.5 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate3.9 %0 %0.5 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium3 %1 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.3 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263