Chail Sanctuary

Location:Himachal Pradesh, India
IUCN Category:IV
Area:31,333 acres (12,680 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Cwa (Climate: warm temperate; Precipitation: winter dry; Temperature: hot summer)

Ecoregions

Himalayan subtropical pine forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 AB
   
Share60 %30 %10 %70 %30 %
Soil TypeDystric CambisolsHumic AcrisolsEutric GleysolsEutric CambisolsOrthic Luvisols
Topsoil TextureFineMediumMediumMediumMedium
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageImperfectlyModerately wellPoorImperfectlyModerately well
Available Water Capacity50 m150 m150 m50 m150 m
Phase 1Lithic  Lithic 
Topsoil Properties
Gravel19 %5 %4 %9 %4 %
Sand22 %46 %37 %42 %47 %
Silt31 %30 %40 %36 %32 %
Clay47 %24 %23 %22 %21 %
USDA TextureClayLoamLoamLoamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.25 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.28 g/cm³1.3 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³1.42 g/cm³
Organic Carbon1.72 %1.73 %1.07 %1 %0.82 %
PH556.26.66.2
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity27 cmol kg⁻¹19 cmol kg⁻¹39 cmol kg⁻¹55 cmol kg⁻¹35 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity17 cmol kg⁻¹9 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹11 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation28 %27 %88 %93 %88 %
Total Exchangeable Bases4.7 cmol kg⁻¹2.5 cmol kg⁻¹10 cmol kg⁻¹13.8 cmol kg⁻¹8.3 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %1 %2 %2 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel17 %7 %5 %12 %5 %
Sand23 %41 %36 %40 %40 %
Silt30 %26 %36 %35 %29 %
Clay47 %33 %28 %25 %31 %
USDA TextureClayClay loamClay loamLoamClay loam
Reference Bulk Density1.25 g/cm³1.34 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.34 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.3 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.5 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.5 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.53 %0.77 %0.39 %0.4 %0.39 %
PH5.15.26.676.2
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity28 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹41 cmol kg⁻¹51 cmol kg⁻¹33 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity18 cmol kg⁻¹7 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation25 %21 %90 %93 %87 %
Total Exchangeable Bases4 cmol kg⁻¹3 cmol kg⁻¹11.7 cmol kg⁻¹14.4 cmol kg⁻¹9.6 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %0 %0.1 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %1 %2 %2 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263