Gomardah Sanctuary

Location:Chhattishgarh, India
IUCN Category:IV
Area:72,320 acres (29,267 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Aw (Climate: equatorial; Precipitation: winter dry)

Ecoregions

Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests
Northern dry deciduous forests

Soils

Protected Area Boundary
 AB
   
Share70 %30 %60 %20 %20 %
Soil TypeChromic LuvisolsChromic CambisolsFerric LuvisolsGleyic LuvisolsChromic Luvisols
Topsoil TextureMediumFineCoarseMediumMedium
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageModerately wellModerately wellModerately wellPoorModerately well
Available Water Capacity150 m150 m150 m150 m150 m
Topsoil Properties
Gravel9 %3 %7 %5 %9 %
Sand47 %20 %79 %42 %47 %
Silt29 %30 %11 %36 %29 %
Clay24 %50 %10 %22 %24 %
USDA TextureLoamClaySandy loamLoamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.39 g/cm³1.23 g/cm³1.59 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.54 g/cm³1.23 g/cm³1.51 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.54 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.86 %1.43 %0.53 %0.94 %0.86 %
PH6.46.86.36.16.4
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity38 cmol kg⁻¹35 cmol kg⁻¹32 cmol kg⁻¹46 cmol kg⁻¹38 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity12 cmol kg⁻¹21 cmol kg⁻¹4 cmol kg⁻¹14 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation89 %91 %76 %89 %89 %
Total Exchangeable Bases10 cmol kg⁻¹20.8 cmol kg⁻¹4 cmol kg⁻¹9.8 cmol kg⁻¹10 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0.1 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %1 %2 %1 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel8 %4 %4 %6 %8 %
Sand39 %20 %68 %35 %39 %
Silt27 %29 %10 %32 %27 %
Clay34 %51 %22 %33 %34 %
USDA TextureClay loamClaySandy clay loamClay loamClay loam
Reference Bulk Density1.33 g/cm³1.23 g/cm³1.45 g/cm³1.32 g/cm³1.33 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.52 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.55 g/cm³1.59 g/cm³1.52 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.38 %0.6 %0.3 %0.28 %0.38 %
PH6.37.26.16.56.3
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity40 cmol kg⁻¹33 cmol kg⁻¹22 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹40 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity15 cmol kg⁻¹23 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation93 %97 %70 %96 %93 %
Total Exchangeable Bases12.3 cmol kg⁻¹19.5 cmol kg⁻¹4.7 cmol kg⁻¹14.3 cmol kg⁻¹12.3 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0.5 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %1 %2 %1 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263