Nanda Devi National Park

Location:Uttaranchal, India
IUCN Category:II
Area:161,583 acres (65,390 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Dwb (Climate: snow; Precipitation: winter dry; Temperature: warm summer)

Ecoregions

Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 A
  
Share25 %25 %25 %
Soil TypeLithosolsRankersHumic Cambisols
Topsoil TextureMediumMediumMedium
Reference Depth10 cm30 cm100 cm
DrainageImperfectlyImperfectlyImperfectly
Available Water Capacity15 mm50 mm50 m
Phase 1 LithicLithic
Topsoil Properties
Gravel26 %10 %8 %
Sand43 %48 %41 %
Silt34 %31 %36 %
Clay23 %21 %23 %
USDA TextureLoamLoamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.39 g/cm³1.42 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.3 g/cm³1.45 g/cm³1.1 g/cm³
Organic Carbon1.4 %1.43 %2.72 %
PH7.65.15.2
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity42 cmol kg⁻¹18 cmol kg⁻¹54 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity15 cmol kg⁻¹9 cmol kg⁻¹21 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %47 %24 %
Total Exchangeable Bases15.6 cmol kg⁻¹3.7 cmol kg⁻¹5 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate3.9 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium4 %2 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel  8 %
Sand  44 %
Silt  32 %
Clay  24 %
USDA Texture  Loam
Reference Bulk Density  1.39 g/cm³
Bulk Density  1.16 g/cm³
Organic Carbon  1.03 %
PH  5.2
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity  38 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity  15 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation  30 %
Total Exchangeable Bases  2.5 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate  0 %
Calcium Sulphate  0 %
Exchangeable Sodium  2 %
Electrical Conductivity  0.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263