Mount Mulanje

Location:Malawi
Area:144,452 acres (58,458 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Cwa (Climate: warm temperate; Precipitation: winter dry; Temperature: hot summer)

Ecoregions

Eastern Miombo woodlands
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 AB
   
Share50 %50 % 
Soil TypeLithosolsChromic CambisolsEutric Nitosols
Topsoil TextureMediumFineFine
Reference Depth10 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageImperfectlyModerately wellModerately well
Available Water Capacity15 mm150 m150 m
Topsoil Properties
Gravel26 %3 %1 %
Sand43 %20 %17 %
Silt34 %30 %27 %
Clay23 %50 %56 %
USDA TextureLoamClayClay
Reference Bulk Density1.39 g/cm³1.23 g/cm³1.21 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.3 g/cm³1.23 g/cm³1.32 g/cm³
Organic Carbon1.4 %1.43 %1.74 %
PH7.66.86
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity42 cmol kg⁻¹35 cmol kg⁻¹20 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity15 cmol kg⁻¹21 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %91 %72 %
Total Exchangeable Bases15.6 cmol kg⁻¹20.8 cmol kg⁻¹11.9 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate3.9 %0.1 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium4 %1 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel 4 %23 %
Sand 20 %13 %
Silt 29 %19 %
Clay 51 %68 %
USDA Texture ClayClay (heavy)
Reference Bulk Density 1.23 g/cm³1.18 g/cm³
Bulk Density 1.38 g/cm³1.43 g/cm³
Organic Carbon 0.6 %0.56 %
PH 7.25.9
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity 33 cmol kg⁻¹20 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity 23 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation 97 %76 %
Total Exchangeable Bases 19.5 cmol kg⁻¹10.9 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate 0.5 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate 0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium 1 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity 0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263