Parque Marino Nacional Sistema Arrecifal Veracruzano

Location:Mexico
IUCN Category:II
Area:129,688 acres (52,483 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive

Ecoregions

Petén-Veracruz moist forests
Veracruz dry forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 A
  
Share40 %24 %16 %14 %6 %
Soil TypeHaplic AcrisolsVertic CambisolsHaplic PhaeozemsVertic CambisolsHaplic Acrisols
Topsoil TextureFineMediumFineMediumFine
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageModerately wellModerately wellModerately wellModerately wellModerately well
Available Water Capacity150 m150 m150 m150 m150 m
Misc. Property Vertic (cracks of more than 1 cm wide) Vertic (cracks of more than 1 cm wide) 
Topsoil Properties
Gravel4 %9 %4 %9 %4 %
Sand33 %29 %25 %29 %33 %
Silt22 %36 %35 %36 %22 %
Clay45 %35 %40 %35 %45 %
USDA TextureClayClay loamClayClay loamClay
Reference Bulk Density1.27 g/cm³1.3 g/cm³1.27 g/cm³1.3 g/cm³1.27 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.17 g/cm³1.23 g/cm³1.18 g/cm³1.23 g/cm³1.17 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.95 %2.72 %2.74 %2.72 %0.95 %
PH4.76.66.46.64.7
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity17 cmol kg⁻¹50 cmol kg⁻¹21 cmol kg⁻¹50 cmol kg⁻¹17 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity15 cmol kg⁻¹28 cmol kg⁻¹18 cmol kg⁻¹28 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation43 %88 %90 %88 %43 %
Total Exchangeable Bases6.5 cmol kg⁻¹24.6 cmol kg⁻¹16.2 cmol kg⁻¹24.6 cmol kg⁻¹6.5 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0.7 %0.2 %0.7 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0.1 %0.1 %0.1 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %2 %1 %2 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0 dS m-10.2 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.2 dS m-10 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel4 %4 %4 %4 %4 %
Sand22 %24 %21 %24 %22 %
Silt17 %34 %29 %34 %17 %
Clay61 %42 %50 %42 %61 %
USDA TextureClay (heavy)ClayClayClayClay (heavy)
Reference Bulk Density1.2 g/cm³1.26 g/cm³1.23 g/cm³1.26 g/cm³1.2 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.11 g/cm³1.11 g/cm³1.12 g/cm³1.11 g/cm³1.11 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.25 %0.72 %1.42 %0.72 %0.25 %
PH4.77.16.27.14.7
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity16 cmol kg⁻¹65 cmol kg⁻¹20 cmol kg⁻¹65 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity22 cmol kg⁻¹30 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹30 cmol kg⁻¹22 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation40 %98 %94 %98 %40 %
Total Exchangeable Bases8.8 cmol kg⁻¹29.4 cmol kg⁻¹14.1 cmol kg⁻¹29.4 cmol kg⁻¹8.8 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %2.1 %0.1 %2.1 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0.1 %0 %0.1 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %2 %1 %2 %2 %
Electrical Conductivity0 dS m-10.3 dS m-10 dS m-10.3 dS m-10 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.