Chumbi-Surla Wildlife Sanctuary

Location:Pakistan
IUCN Category:IV
Area:137,833 acres (55,779 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:BSh (Climate: arid; Precipitation: steppe; Temperature: hot arid)

Ecoregions

Baluchistan xeric woodlands

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 AB
   
Share33 %33 %70 %30 %
Soil TypeLithosolsXerosolsCalcaric RegosolsCalcic Xerosols
Topsoil TextureMediumMediumMediumMedium
Reference Depth10 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageImperfectlyModerately wellModerately wellModerately well
Available Water Capacity15 mm150 m150 m150 m
Topsoil Properties
Gravel26 %4 %17 %4 %
Sand43 %45 %43 %40 %
Silt34 %32 %35 %37 %
Clay23 %23 %22 %23 %
USDA TextureLoamLoamLoamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.39 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.3 g/cm³1.33 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.31 g/cm³
Organic Carbon1.4 %0.52 %0.77 %0.56 %
PH7.67.987.9
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity42 cmol kg⁻¹50 cmol kg⁻¹40 cmol kg⁻¹93 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity15 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹17 cmol kg⁻¹18 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %100 %100 %100 %
Total Exchangeable Bases15.6 cmol kg⁻¹22.6 cmol kg⁻¹31.1 cmol kg⁻¹33.2 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate3.9 %6.2 %15 %9 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0.4 %
Exchangeable Sodium4 %2 %2 %3 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.4 dS m-10.3 dS m-10.8 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel 3 %18 %4 %
Sand 42 %38 %37 %
Silt 30 %36 %36 %
Clay 28 %26 %27 %
USDA Texture Clay loamLoamClay loam
Reference Bulk Density 1.36 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³
Bulk Density 1.37 g/cm³1.52 g/cm³1.33 g/cm³
Organic Carbon 0.3 %0.53 %0.33 %
PH 88.18
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity 45 cmol kg⁻¹50 cmol kg⁻¹65 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity 15 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹20 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation 100 %100 %100 %
Total Exchangeable Bases 29.1 cmol kg⁻¹41.1 cmol kg⁻¹41.4 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate 9 %15 %9 %
Calcium Sulphate 0.1 %0 %0.3 %
Exchangeable Sodium 3 %1 %7 %
Electrical Conductivity 0.7 dS m-10.3 dS m-11 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263