Ussuriysky Zapovednik

Location:Primorsky Krai , Russia
IUCN Category:Ia
Area:99,910 acres (40,432 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Website:View website
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Dwb (Climate: snow; Precipitation: winter dry; Temperature: warm summer)

Ecoregions

Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 ABC
    
Share90 %10 %90 %10 % 
Soil TypeEutric CambisolsGleyic CambisolsGleyic PodzoluvisolsDystric GleysolsEutric Fluvisols
Topsoil TextureFineMediumMediumMediumCoarse
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageModerately wellPoorPoorPoorPoor
Available Water Capacity50 m50 m150 m150 m150 m
Phase 1GravellyGravelly PhreaticFlooded
Root ObstacleNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm0 - 80 cmNone to 80 cm
Impermeable LayerNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm
Soil Water RegimeNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel10 %4 %1 %2 %18 %
Sand23 %45 %32 %40 %80 %
Silt29 %36 %49 %39 %12 %
Clay48 %19 %19 %21 %8 %
USDA TextureClayLoamLoamLoamLoamy sand
Reference Bulk Density1.25 g/cm³1.42 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.62 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.28 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.3 g/cm³1.27 g/cm³
Organic Carbon1.17 %1 %2.22 %1.17 %0.58 %
PH6.76.45.35.16.8
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity50 cmol kg⁻¹38 cmol kg⁻¹36 cmol kg⁻¹25 cmol kg⁻¹64 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity27 cmol kg⁻¹9 cmol kg⁻¹17 cmol kg⁻¹11 cmol kg⁻¹7 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation89 %85 %55 %47 %89 %
Total Exchangeable Bases22.1 cmol kg⁻¹8.2 cmol kg⁻¹5.7 cmol kg⁻¹5.5 cmol kg⁻¹7.4 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0.1 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %2 %0 %1 %3 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel24 %18 %4 %6 %10 %
Sand26 %39 %25 %41 %79 %
Silt29 %34 %51 %34 %11 %
Clay45 %27 %24 %25 %10 %
USDA TextureClayClay loamSilt loamLoamSandy loam
Reference Bulk Density1.26 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.59 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.35 g/cm³1.6 g/cm³1.6 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.44 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.58 %0.47 %0.5 %0.4 %0.24 %
PH76.75.45.36.9
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity51 cmol kg⁻¹37 cmol kg⁻¹40 cmol kg⁻¹29 cmol kg⁻¹57 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity25 cmol kg⁻¹11 cmol kg⁻¹14 cmol kg⁻¹10 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation97 %88 %59 %47 %93 %
Total Exchangeable Bases25.9 cmol kg⁻¹11.3 cmol kg⁻¹4.9 cmol kg⁻¹6.1 cmol kg⁻¹9 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0.3 %0.1 %0 %0 %0.1 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %2 %0 %1 %2 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263