Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary

Location:Belize
IUCN Category:IV
Area:122,962 acres (49,761 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Website:View website
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Am (Climate: equatorial; Precipitation: monsoonal)

Ecoregions

Petén-Veracruz moist forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 AB
   
Share40 %20 %20 %20 %40 %20 %20 %20 %
Soil TypeDystric CambisolsHumic FerralsolsHaplic FerralsolsHaplic AcrisolsChromic CambisolsVertic CambisolsEutric CambisolsRendzic Leptosols
Topsoil TextureMediumFineFineMediumFineFineMediumFine
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm30 cm
DrainageModerately wellModerately wellModerately wellModerately wellModerately wellModerately wellModerately wellImperfectly
Available Water Capacity150 m150 m150 m150 m150 m150 m150 m50 mm
Misc. Property     Vertic (cracks of more than 1 cm wide)  
Topsoil Properties
Gravel3 %0 %0 %41 %2 %1 %1 %18 %
Sand29 %18 %17 %65 %9 %30 %45 %18 %
Silt40 %46 %44 %17 %16 %28 %31 %25 %
Clay31 %36 %39 %18 %75 %42 %24 %57 %
USDA TextureClay loamSilty clay loamSilty clay loamSandy loamClay (heavy)ClayLoamClay
Reference Bulk Density1.32 g/cm³1.27 g/cm³1.26 g/cm³1.47 g/cm³1.15 g/cm³1.27 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.21 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.18 g/cm³0.66 g/cm³0.84 g/cm³1.27 g/cm³1.02 g/cm³1.34 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.06 g/cm³
Organic Carbon1.33 %4.57 %2.82 %0.88 %3.78 %0.78 %0.87 %5.2 %
PH4.944.15.37.46.96.67.8
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity27 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹10 cmol kg⁻¹55 cmol kg⁻¹56 cmol kg⁻¹50 cmol kg⁻¹82 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity13 cmol kg⁻¹46 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹5 cmol kg⁻¹55 cmol kg⁻¹27 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹62 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation33 %13 %24 %62 %96 %92 %91 %100 %
Total Exchangeable Bases4.3 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹3.6 cmol kg⁻¹3.1 cmol kg⁻¹52.8 cmol kg⁻¹24.8 cmol kg⁻¹13.7 cmol kg⁻¹62 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %0 %0 %1.3 %0.8 %0.3 %11.2 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0.1 %0.1 %0.1 %0.1 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %1 %1 %3 %1 %2 %2 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0 dS m-10 dS m-10 dS m-10 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.2 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.2 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel10 %5 %1 %26 %17 %1 %1 % 
Sand23 %26 %22 %59 %14 %25 %43 % 
Silt39 %46 %44 %20 %17 %28 %30 % 
Clay38 %28 %34 %21 %69 %47 %27 % 
USDA TextureClay loamClay loamClay loamSandy clay loamClay (heavy)ClayClay loam 
Reference Bulk Density1.28 g/cm³1.33 g/cm³1.29 g/cm³1.43 g/cm³1.17 g/cm³1.25 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³ 
Bulk Density1.16 g/cm³0.94 g/cm³0.96 g/cm³1.18 g/cm³1.1 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³ 
Organic Carbon0.58 %1.27 %0.7 %0.17 %1.02 %0.41 %0.34 % 
PH4.84.64.95.27.67.47 
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity25 cmol kg⁻¹10 cmol kg⁻¹10 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹54 cmol kg⁻¹56 cmol kg⁻¹52 cmol kg⁻¹ 
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity11 cmol kg⁻¹9 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹5 cmol kg⁻¹40 cmol kg⁻¹28 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹ 
Base Saturation33 %22 %44 %41 %97 %99 %94 % 
Total Exchangeable Bases3.6 cmol kg⁻¹2 cmol kg⁻¹2.6 cmol kg⁻¹2.1 cmol kg⁻¹38.8 cmol kg⁻¹27.7 cmol kg⁻¹14.1 cmol kg⁻¹ 
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %0 %0 %1.8 %2 %0.4 % 
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0.1 %0.1 %0.1 % 
Exchangeable Sodium1 %2 %2 %2 %1 %2 %2 % 
Electrical Conductivity0 dS m-10 dS m-10 dS m-10 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.3 dS m-10.2 dS m-1 
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263