Itatiaia National Park

Location:Minas Gerais, Brazil
IUCN Category:II
Area:69,730 acres (28,219 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Cfb (Climate: warm temperate; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: warm summer)

Ecoregions

Alta Paraná Atlantic forests
Campos Rupestres montane savanna
Serra do Mar coastal forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 AB
   
Share60 %20 %20 %60 %40 %
Soil TypeHaplic FerralsolsFerric AcrisolsFerralic CambisolsUmbric LeptosolsHumic Cambisols
Topsoil TextureFineMediumFineMediumFine
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm30 cm100 cm
DrainageModerately wellModerately wellModerately wellImperfectlyModerately well
Available Water Capacity150 m150 m150 m50 mm150 m
Topsoil Properties
Gravel1 %9 %1 %6 %4 %
Sand52 %48 %47 %64 %30 %
Silt7 %18 %12 %10 %31 %
Clay41 %34 %41 %26 %39 %
USDA TextureSandy claySandy clay loamSandy claySandy clay loamClay loam
Reference Bulk Density1.32 g/cm³1.34 g/cm³1.31 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.28 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.45 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.27 g/cm³1.2 g/cm³0.5 g/cm³
Organic Carbon1.9 %1.25 %1.91 %2.23 %7.06 %
PH5.36.24.554.2
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity10 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹5 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹31 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity11 cmol kg⁻¹9 cmol kg⁻¹9 cmol kg⁻¹11 cmol kg⁻¹37 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation18 %75 %38 %32 %20 %
Total Exchangeable Bases2 cmol kg⁻¹6.8 cmol kg⁻¹3.4 cmol kg⁻¹3.5 cmol kg⁻¹7.4 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %2 %2 %0 %0 %
Electrical Conductivity0 dS m-10 dS m-10 dS m-10 dS m-10 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel2 %2 %4 % 5 %
Sand43 %30 %39 % 18 %
Silt4 %22 %12 % 33 %
Clay53 %48 %49 % 49 %
USDA TextureClayClayClay Clay
Reference Bulk Density1.26 g/cm³1.25 g/cm³1.27 g/cm³ 1.23 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.39 g/cm³1.48 g/cm³1.25 g/cm³ 1.02 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.83 %0.51 %0.62 % 1.78 %
PH4.85.14.8 4.9
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity4 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹4 cmol kg⁻¹ 16 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity5 cmol kg⁻¹8 cmol kg⁻¹4 cmol kg⁻¹ 14 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation20 %34 %45 % 18 %
Total Exchangeable Bases1 cmol kg⁻¹2.7 cmol kg⁻¹1.8 cmol kg⁻¹ 2.5 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %0 % 0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 % 0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %2 %2 % 0 %
Electrical Conductivity0 dS m-10 dS m-10 dS m-1 0 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263