California coastal sage and chaparral

WWF Abstract

The California Coastal Sage and Chaparral ecoregion extends from northeastern Baja California, Mexico, northward along the Pacific into southern California in the United States. The ecoregion is bounded in the east by the Colorado-Sonora Desert and continues south as far as Punta Baja, Mexico and includes the Channel Islands (U.S.) and Cedros and Guadalupe Islands (Mexico). The landscape is one of coastal terraces, plains, and rangelands and is one of only five Mediterranean-climate ecoregions in the world. The winters are cold and humid, and the summers dry and hot. Annual average rainfall is low, between 6 and 20 inches (150 and 500 mm). Dominant plant species of the sage scrub are California sagebrushand bush sunflower. Other associated species include California buckwheat and Munz's sage. The most common succulent genera are Opuntia, Yucca,and Dudleya. In the drier southern region, one finds more cacti and succulents, including Agave shawii, Opuntia prolifera, and Bergerocactus emoryi. Chaparral dominates the higher elevations with chamise, Ceanothus, and Arctostaphylos species. Several other habitats also occur such as cypress woodlands, oak woodlands, and some conifer forests. Some notable animals in this ecoregion are the Hermes copper butterfly, Quino checkerspot butterfly, and the rosy boa.
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Biome:Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Countries:Mexico, United States
Area:8,959,999 acres (3,625,983 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER