Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Canidae > Canis lupus > Canis lupus rufus

Canis lupus rufus (Red Wolf)

Synonyms: Canis rufus

Wikipedia Abstract

The red wolf (Canis rufus/Canis lupus rufus), also known as the Florida wolf or Mississippi Valley wolf, is a canid of unresolved taxonomic identity native to the eastern United States. It is generally, morphologically, an intermediate between the coyote and gray wolf, and is of a reddish, tawny color. The red wolf is a federally listed endangered species of the United States, and is protected by law. It has been listed by IUCN as a critically endangered species since 1996.
View Wikipedia Record: Canis lupus rufus

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Canis lupus rufus


Adult Weight [1]  58.202 lbs (26.40 kg)
Female Weight [1]  53.573 lbs (24.30 kg)
Male Weight [1]  62.832 lbs (28.50 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  17.3 %
Diet [2]  Carnivore
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 9 months
Male Maturity [1]  1 year 9 months
Gestation [3]  61 days
Litter Size [3]  7
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  13 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes

Protected Areas

Prey / Diet

Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)[1]
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)[1]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Puma concolor (Cougar)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)1


Institutions (Zoos, etc.)


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
14.2 Red wolf, Canis rufus, B.T. Kelly, A. Beyer and M.K. Phillips, Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. and Macdonald, D.W. (eds). 2004. Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. x + 430 pp.
2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
3Canis rufus, John L. Paradiso and Ronald M. Nowak, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 22, pp. 1-4 (1972)
4Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
6International Flea Database
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License