Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Pilosa > Bradypodidae > Bradypus > Bradypus pygmaeus

Bradypus pygmaeus (Pygmy Three-toed Sloth)

Wikipedia Abstract

The pygmy three-toed sloth (Bradypus pygmaeus), also known as the monk sloth or dwarf sloth, is a sloth endemic to Isla Escudo de Veraguas, a small island off the coast of Panama. The species was first described by Robert P. Anderson of the University of Kansas and Charles O. Handley Jr., of the Smithsonian Institution in 2001. The pygmy three-toed sloth is significantly smaller than the other three members of its genus, but otherwise resembles the brown-throated three-toed sloth. According to Anderson and Handley Jr., the head-and-body length is between 48 and 53 centimetres (19 and 21 in), and the body mass ranges from 2.5 to 3.5 kg (5.5 to 7.7 lb).
View Wikipedia Record: Bradypus pygmaeus

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Bradypus pygmaeus

EDGE Analysis

The pygmy three-toed sloth was only recognised as a distinct species in 2001. It can only be found on Isla Escudo de Veraguas which has been separated from mainland Panama for 9,000 years. Famous for its slow movements the pygmy three-toed sloth is ideally suited to life in the mangroves and is surprisingly good at swimming. The major threat to the pygmy three-toed sloth is habitat destruction which is reducing the size of its already small habitat.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 21.97
EDGE Score: 5.91
View EDGE Record: Bradypus pygmaeus


Adult Weight [1]  6.393 lbs (2.90 kg)
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Arboreal [2]  100 %
Top 100 Endangered [3]  Yes

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Escudo de Veraguas Protected Landscape 100078 Ngäbe-Buglé, Panama      

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) Sites

Name  Location   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Isla Escudo de Veraguas Panama    

Prey / Diet

Rhizophora mangle (American mangrove)[1]

Range Map


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Bradypus pygmaeus, VIRGINIA HAYSSEN, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 812:1-4 (2008)
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Baillie, J.E.M. & Butcher, E. R. (2012) Priceless or Worthless? The world’s most threatened species. Zoological Society of London, United Kingdom.
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
AZE sites provided by Alliance for Zero Extinction (2010). 2010 AZE Update.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License