Animalia > Arthropoda > Malacostraca > Decapoda > Eriphioidea > Menippidae > Menippe > Menippe mercenaria

Menippe mercenaria (Florida stone crab)

Synonyms: Cancer mercenaria; Pseudocarcinus ocellatus

Wikipedia Abstract

The Florida stone crab, Menippe mercenaria, is a crab found in the western North Atlantic, from Connecticut to Belize, including Texas, the Gulf of Mexico, Cuba, The Bahamas, and the East Coast. The crab can also be found in and around the salt marshes of South Carolina and Georgia. It is widely caught for food. The closely related species Menippe adina (gulf stone crab) is sometimes considered a subspecies – they can interbreed, forming hybrids – and they are treated as one species for commercial fishing, with their ranges partly overlapping. The two species are believed to have diverged approximately 3 million years ago.
View Wikipedia Record: Menippe mercenaria


Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Water Biome [1]  Coastal
Diet [1]  Carnivore, Planktivore

Prey / Diet

Lobatus gigas (pink or queen conch)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap


Caretta caretta (Loggerhead)[3]
Epinephelus morio (Red grouper)[3]
Mycteroperca microlepis (Velvet rockfish)[3]
Octopus briareus (Caribbean reef octopus)[3]
Pogonias cromis (Sea drum)[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Brevard Zoo
Florida Aquarium
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium


Western Atlantic Ocean;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Queen Conch Predators: Not a Roadblock to Mariculture, Darryl E. Jory and Edwin S. Iversen, Proc. Gulf Caribb. Fish. Inst. 35:108-111. (1983)
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License