Animalia > Arthropoda > Insecta > Orthoptera

Orthoptera (grasshoppers, locusts, and relatives)

Wikipedia Abstract

More than 27,000 species are distributed worldwide. Many insects in this order have paurometabolous or incomplete metamorphosis, and produce sound (known as a "stridulation") by rubbing their wings against each other or their legs, the wings or legs containing rows of corrugated bumps. The tympanum or ear is located in the front tibia in crickets, mole crickets, and katydids, and on the first abdominal segment in the grasshoppers and locusts. These organisms use vibrations to locate other individuals. Grasshoppers are able to fold their wings, placing them in the group Neoptera.
View Wikipedia Record: Orthoptera


Acridoidea (Grasshoppers) (8,118)   (102)
Eumastacoidea (Monkey grasshoppers) (1,053)   (11)
Grylloidea (True crickets) (5,488)   (22)
Gryllotalpoidea (190)
Hagloidea (Ambidextrous/hump-winged crickets) (8)
Pneumoroidea (bladder grasshoppers) (17)   (4)
Proscopioidea (228)
Pyrgomorphoidea (488)   (1)
Rhaphidophoroidea (Camel crickets/cave crickets) (720)   (1)
Schizodactyloidea (dune crickets, splay-footed crickets) (15)
Stenopelmatoidea (Stone/leaf/sand crickets) (1,097)
Tanaoceroidea (3)
Tetrigoidea (grouse locusts, pygmy grasshoppers, and pygmy locusts) (2,015)   (23)
Tettigonioidea (katydids and long-horned grasshoppers) (7,537)   (110)
Tridactyloidea (Pygmy mole crickets) (222)
Trigonopterygoidea (Leaf bush-hoppers) (21)

(...) = Species count
(...) = Endangered count
(...) = Invasive count

External References


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