Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Fagales > Betulaceae > Betula > Betula intermedia
 

Betula intermedia (dwarf birch)

Synonyms: Betula alba var. intermedia; Betula nana var. intermedia

Attributes

Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-High
Screening - Summer [2]  Moderate
Screening - Winter [2]  Moderate
Bloom Period [2]  Late Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  Medium
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  Medium
Flower Type [3]  Monoecious
Frost Free Days [2]  80 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  Medium
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Summer
Growth Form [2]  Multiple Stem
Growth Period [2]  Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Moderate
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [4]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Wind
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  18 inches (46 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  Low
Seeds Per [2]  599999 / lb (1322772 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Decumbent
Structure [3]  Shrub
Usage [3]  Plants can be used for ground cover, forming a spreading hummock up to 1.2 metres across; An infusion of the plant is used as a hair conditioner and dandruff treatment; A yellow dye is obtained from the leaves; The plant has been used as a tinder, even when wet, and for cooking fires when there is a lack of larger wood; It is likely that the bark was used for tinder;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None
Flower Color [2]  Green
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Height [3]  12 inches (0.3 m)
Width [3]  18 inches (0.45 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [2]  USDA Zone: 2 Low Temperature: -50 F° (-45.6 C°) → -40 F° (-40 C°)
Light Preference [5]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [5]  Very Acid
Soil Fertility [5]  Infertile
Soil Moisture [5]  Damp
Water Use [2]  Low
View Plants For A Future Record : Betula intermedia

Protected Areas

Ecosystems

Predators

Distribution

Arctic & Subarctic to Temp. Mts.;

External References

USDA Plant Profile

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish Plants: Status, Size, Life History, Geography and Habitats, M. O. Hill, C. D. Preston & D. B. Roy, Biological Records Centre, NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (2004)
5ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
6Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
7Making The Forest And Tundra Wildlife Connection
8HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
9Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955