Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Asparagales > Amaryllidaceae > Allium > Allium sativum

Allium sativum (cultivated garlic)


Wikipedia Abstract

Allium sativum, commonly known as garlic, is a species in the onion genus, Allium. Its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive, and rakkyo. With a history of over 7,000 years of human consumption and use, garlic is native to central Asia, and has long been a staple in the Mediterranean region, as well as a frequent seasoning in Asia, Africa, and Europe. It was known to Ancient Egyptians, and has been used both as a food flavoring and as a traditional medicine.
View Wikipedia Record: Allium sativum


Allergen Potential [1]  Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Hazards [2]  There have been cases of poisoning caused by the consumption, in large quantities and by some mammals, of this species. Dogs seem to be particularly susceptible;
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Bees, Insects, Lepidoptera
Structure [2]  Bulb
Usage [2]  The juice from the bulb is used as an insect repellent; It has a very strong smell and some people would prefer to be bitten; The juice can also be applied to any stings in order to ease the pain; 3 - 4 tablespoons of chopped garlic and 2 tablespoons of grated soap can be infused in 1 litre of boiling water, allowed to cool and then used as an insecticide; An excellent glue can be made from the juice; An extract of the plant can be used as a fungicide; It is used in the treatment of blight and mould or fungal diseases of tomatoes and potatoes; If a few cloves of garlic are spread amongst stored fruit, they will act to delay the fruit from rotting; The growing plant is said to repel insects, rabbits and moles;
Height [2]  24 inches (0.6 m)
Width [2]  6 inches (0.15 m)
View Plants For A Future Record : Allium sativum

Protected Areas



Parasitized by 
Puccinia porri[5]
Urocystis cepulae[5]


Cultigen from C. Asia;

External References

USDA Plant Profile



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
4Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License