Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Gentianales > Rubiaceae > Coffea > Coffea arabica

Coffea arabica (Arabian coffee)


Wikipedia Abstract

Coffea arabica /əˈræbɪkə/ is a species of Coffea originally indigenous to the forests of the southwestern highlands of Ethiopia. It is also known as the "coffee shrub of Arabia", "mountain coffee", or "arabica coffee". C. arabica is believed to be the first species of coffee to be cultivated.
View Wikipedia Record: Coffea arabica


Allergen Potential [1]  Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Dense
Bloom Period [2]  Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  Medium
Fire Tolerance [2]  None
Frost Free Days [2]  1 year
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Spring
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Multiple Stem
Growth Period [2]  Year Round
Growth Rate [2]  Moderate
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  3.346 feet (102 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  None
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Seeds Per [2]  1000 / lb (2205 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Rounded
Specific Gravity [4]  0.62
Structure [3]  Tree
Flower Color [2]  White
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Red
Fall Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Height [2]  15.088 feet (4.6 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [2]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Mostly Shady
Soil Acidity [2]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [2]  Very Rich
Water Use [2]  High

Emblem of




SE. Sudan, SW. Ethiopia, N. Kenya (Mt. Marsibit);

External References

USDA Plant Profile



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository.
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
6Norrbom, A.L. 2004. Fruit fly (Tephritidae) host plant database. Version Nov, 2004.
7Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
8A review of the biology and control of the coffee berry borer, Hypothenemus hampei (Coleoptera: Scolytidae), A. Damon, Bulletin of Entomological Research (2000) 90, 453–465
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
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