Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Fagales > Fagaceae > Fagus > Fagus grandifolia

Fagus grandifolia (American beech)

Synonyms: Fagus grandifolia var. typica

Wikipedia Abstract

Fagus grandifolia (American beech or North American beech) is the species of beech tree native to the eastern United States and extreme southeast Canada. The genus name Fagus is Latin for "beech", and the species name grandifolia comes from grandis "large" and folium "leaf".
View Wikipedia Record: Fagus grandifolia



Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-High
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium-High
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Dense
Shade Percentage [1]  88 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium
Bloom Period [2]  Mid Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  High
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  Medium
Flower Type [3]  Monoecious
Frost Free Days [2]  3 months 2 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  Medium
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Slow
Hazards [3]  Large quantities of the raw seed may be toxic;
Janka Hardness [4]  1300 lbf (590 kgf) Medium
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Wind
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  32 inches (81 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  Low
Seeds Per [2]  1600 / lb (3527 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Specific Gravity [5]  0.64
Structure [3]  Tree
Usage [3]  The oil obtained from the seed has been used as a fuel in oil lamps; Wood - strong, hard, heavy, very close grained, not durable, difficult to cure; It weighs 43lb per cubic foot; Harvested commercially, it is used for furniture, flooring, tool handles, crates etc; It makes an excellent charcoal and is used in artwork;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None
Flower Color [2]  Yellow
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Fall Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Height [3]  33 feet (10 m)
Width [3]  33 feet (10 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 4 Low Temperature: -30 F° (-34.4 C°) → -20 F° (-28.9 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Mostly Shady
Soil Acidity [2]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [2]  Infertile
Water Use [1]  High to Moderate
View Plants For A Future Record : Fagus grandifolia

Protected Areas




Range Map


E. Canada to C. Mexico; E. Canada, C. & E. U.S.A., NE. & C. Mexico;

External References

USDA Plant Profile



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
5Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service
6HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hern√°ndez
7Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
10Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
11Neotoma floridana, Robert W. Wiley, Mammalian Species No. 139, pp. 1-7 (1980)
12Sciurus niger, John L. Koprowski, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 479, pp. 1-9 (1994)
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve
Chippewa Nature Center
Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Maher Sanctuary, Grand Rapids Audubon Club
Hope College Biology Nature Preserve
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License