Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Fagales > Fagaceae > Fagus > Fagus sylvatica

Fagus sylvatica (European beech)


Wikipedia Abstract

Fagus sylvatica, the European beech or common beech, is a deciduous tree belonging to the beech family Fagaceae.
View Wikipedia Record: Fagus sylvatica


Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-High
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium-High
Shade Percentage [1]  88 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Dispersal Mode [6]  Autochory, Hoarding
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Monoecious
Hazards [2]  Large quantities of the seed may be toxic;
Janka Hardness [3]  1300 lbf (590 kgf) Medium
Leaf Type [2]  Deciduous
Lifespan [4]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Wind
Specific Gravity [7]  0.585
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  A semi-drying oil is obtained from the seed, it is used as a fuel for lighting, as a lubricant, for polishing wood etc; The seed residue is poisonous; The leaf buds harvested in the winter and dried on the twigs are used as toothpicks; The leaves are gathered in autumn and used as a stuffing material for mattresses etc; Wood - hard, heavy, strong, very durable; It is not suitable for outdoor use; It has a wide range of applications, including furniture, flooring, turnery etc; It makes a very good fuel; The wood has often been used as a source of creosote, tar, methyl alcohol. acetic acid;
Height [2]  98 feet (30 m)
Width [2]  49 feet (15 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 4 Low Temperature: -30 F° (-34.4 C°) → -20 F° (-28.9 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 7 Low Temperature: 0 F° (-17.8 C°) → 10 F° (-12.2 C°)
Light Preference [5]  Mostly Shady
Soil Acidity [5]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [5]  Intermediate
Soil Moisture [5]  Moist
Water Use [1]  High to Moderate
View Plants For A Future Record : Fagus sylvatica

Protected Areas






Europe to Caucasus;

External References

USDA Plant Profile



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
4PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish Plants: Status, Size, Life History, Geography and Habitats, M. O. Hill, C. D. Preston & D. B. Roy, Biological Records Centre, NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (2004)
5ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
6Paula S, Arianoutsou M, Kazanis D, Tavsanoglu Ç, Lloret F, Buhk C, Ojeda F, Luna B, Moreno JM, Rodrigo A, Espelta JM, Palacio S, Fernández-Santos B, Fernandes PM, and Pausas JG. 2009. Fire-related traits for plant species of the Mediterranean Basin. Ecology 90: 1420.
Paula S. & Pausas J.G. 2013. BROT: a plant trait database for Mediterranean Basin species. Version 2013.06.
7Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository.
8Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
9New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
10Ecology of Commanster
11HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
12Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
13Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
14Influences of the feeding ecology on body mass and possible implications for reproduction in the edible dormouse (Glis glis), Joanna Fietz, M. Pflug, W. Schlund, F. Tataruch, J Comp Physiol B (2005) 175: 45–55
15Year-round monitoring of diversity and potential metabolic activity of the ectomycorrhizal community in a beech (Fagus silvatica) forest subjected to two thinning regimes, Marc Buée, Dominique Vairelles, Jean Garbaye, Mycorrhiza (2005) 15: 235–245
16Host preferences and differential contributions of deciduous tree species shape mycorrhizal species richness in a mixed Central European forest, Christa Lang & Jasmin Seven & Andrea Polle, Mycorrhiza, Springer, 14 September 2010
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License