Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Malpighiales > Picrodendraceae > Androstachys > Androstachys johnsonii

Androstachys johnsonii (Lebombo ironwood)

Synonyms: Androstachys subpeltata; Weihea subpeltata

Wikipedia Abstract

Androstachys johnsonii, the Lebombo ironwood, is a medium-sized Afrotropical tree species, and the sole member of the genus Androstachys in the Picrodendraceae. It is slow-growing, evergreen to deciduous, and dioecious, with flowers that are wind-pollinated. It is native to southeastern Africa and Madagascar, where it generally occurs gregariously on rocky hillsides, particularly in hot and dry situations. It produces a hard, durable wood which is of economic interest. Its specific name commemorates W. H. Johnson, a 19th century Director of Agriculture in Mozambique. Four related species which are native to Madagascar, are usually placed in genus Stachyandra.
View Wikipedia Record: Androstachys johnsonii


Janka Hardness [1]  2540 lbf (1152 kgf) Very Hard
Specific Gravity [2]  0.585
Structure [3]  Tree

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa


Cephalophus natalensis (Natal duiker)[4]
Felixiella infulenensis[5]


Mozambique to S. Africa, Madagascar;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
2Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository.
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4Co-existence and niche segregation of three small bovid species in southern Mozambique, Herbert H.T. Prins, Willem F. de Boer, Herman van Oeveren, Augusto Correia, Jorge Mafuca and Han Olff, 2006 East African Wild Life Society, Afr. J. Ecol., 44, 186–198
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
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