Animalia > Chordata > Reptilia > Squamata > Viperidae > Bitis > Bitis arietans

Bitis arietans (Puff Adder)

Wikipedia Abstract

Bitis arietans is a venomous viper species found in savannah and grasslands from Morocco and western Arabia throughout Africa except for the Sahara and rain forest regions. It is responsible for causing the most snakebite fatalities in Africa owing to various factors, such as its wide distribution, frequent occurrence in highly populated regions, and aggressive disposition. Two subspecies are currently recognized, including the nominate subspecies described here.
View Wikipedia Record: Bitis arietans



Maximum Longevity [1]  16 years
Venomous [2]  Yes


Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Prey / Diet

Otomys angoniensis (Angoni vlei rat)[3]
Otomys irroratus (vlei rat)[4]
Xerus erythropus (striped ground squirrel)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap


Institutions (Zoos, etc.)


Republic of South Africa, Swaziland, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, Angola, Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire; except in the Center), Congo, Gabon, Burkina Faso, Equatorial Guinea, ;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Venomous snakes and antivenoms search interface, World Health Organization
3Otomys angoniensis, G. N. Bronner and J. A. J. Meester, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 306, pp. 1-6 (1988)
4Otomys irroratus, G. Bronner, S. Gordon, and J. Meester, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 308, pp. 1-6 (1988)
5Xerus erythropus, Matthew D. Herron and Jane M. Waterman, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 748, pp. 1–4 (2004)
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License