Animalia > Chordata > Reptilia > Squamata > Viperidae > Bitis > Bitis gabonica

Bitis gabonica (Gaboon Adder)

Synonyms: Bitis arietans gabonica; Bitis gabonica gabonica; Cerastes nasicornis; Echidna gabonica; Urobelus gabonicus

Wikipedia Abstract

Bitis gabonica, most commonly known as the Gaboon viper, is a viper species found in the rainforests and savannas of sub-Saharan Africa. Like all vipers, it is venomous. It is not only the largest member of the genus Bitis, but also the world's heaviest viperid, and it has the longest fangs – up to 2 inches in length (5 cm), and it has highest venom yield of any snake. Two subspecies are currently recognized, including the nominate subspecies described here.
View Wikipedia Record: Bitis gabonica


Diet [1]  Carnivore
Maximum Longevity [2]  18 years
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Venomous [3]  Yes


Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Atilax paludinosus (Marsh Mongoose)1
Bdeogale crassicauda (Bushy-tailed Mongoose)1
Poecilogale albinucha (African Striped Weasel)2
Psammophis phillipsii (Olive Grass Racer, Phillips’ Sand Snake)2
Vulpes chama (Cape Fox)1


Parasitized by 
Hexametra quadricornis <Unverified Name>[7]
Ophidascaris intorta <Unverified Name>[7]
Ophidascaris radiosa <Unverified Name>[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)


Angola, Gabon, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Central African Republic, Sudan, Tanzania, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Congo, E Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Republic of South A;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Venomous snakes and antivenoms search interface, World Health Organization
4Conservation Biology of the Gaboon Adder (Bitis gabonica) in South Africa, Jonathan Kirk Warner, A dissertation submitted to the School of Animal, Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa in fulfilment of the requirements of the degree of Masters of Science (2009)
5Aethomys ineptus, CHRISTIAN T. CHIMIMBA AND ALICIA V. LINZEY, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 809, pp. 1-7 (2008)
6Petrodromus tetradactylus, Mark R. Jennings and Galen B. Rathbun, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 682, pp. 1–6 (2001)
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License